GMP | Manufacturing SOP | Quality Assurance (QA) and Compliance Management | Quality Control (QC) Laboratory | Microbiology Laboratory (Sterility Testing) | GMP Auditor Training | Process, Cleaning, Method Validation | Quality and Validation Guidance | Good Working Practice | Warehouse Management | Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Pharmaceuticals.




Step by step pre-written standard operating procedures, forms, templates and manuals in the area of GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice), GLP, Production Operations, Quality Assurance Management, Quality Control & Microbiology Laboratory; Process - cleaning and methodology Validation, Regulatory auditing created for small and medium size pharmaceutical manufacturing environments.

All manuals and procedures are written by area experts in example formats in order to comply with cGMP, GLP, GDP, GAMP and international regulatory agency's requirements. Our goal is to provide a complete GMP & GLP models with a set of ready procedures and manuals which are easy to understand and readily applicable. All procedures are written with practical instructions and examples. Forms and templates are referenced in the SOPs where applicable. Procedures and manuals are grouped into categories found in a typical GMP environment and documents are prepared to guide you through establishing a regulatory compliant facility.

Content of our procedures are not only guidelines but detail know how instructions which will help you to build up your systems from scratch. Following is a list of manuals and procedures linked with sample pages. For full version of manuals and procedures please read more by clicking the "Subscribe" button on the left.
Part 1 - GMP Standard Operating Procedures
 
1.1 - Validation Procedures SOPs      
  1.1.1 - Process/Cleaning/Method Validation Procedures

Validation - Concept and Procedure
This procedure describes general validation concepts and practices, the way processes and systems must be qualified/validated and the confirmatory documentation required. Here you will find the philosophy of validation, responsibilities, validation approaches of design qualification, installation qualification, operational qualification, performance qualification, cleaning validation, method validation, computer validation, general and specific criteria of validation, validation documentation and change control, validation reporting, guidelines of validation acceptance criteria.

Revalidation Procedure
This procedure contains step by step instruction on initiation of revalidation categories, changes that warrant revalidation programs, basic steps of revalidation procedure, revalidation activities and specific responsibilities, revalidation protocols, revalidation timing, equipment checklist, revalidation discrepancy procedure, release of revalidated equipment, preparation of the revalidation reporting file.

Method Validation Procedure
This procedure provides a guideline for a validation Technician on the characteristics that must be considered during the validation of an analytical testing procedure. The procedures set out in this SOP apply to qualitative and quantitative analytical methods which are used to test finished goods, in-process material, excipients and raw materials in support of registration documentation and cleaning validations and management responsibilities towards completing those method validation tasks.

Procedure for Cleaning Validation
This SOP describes the types of cleaning process and cleaning agents of process equipments and their validation, complete instruction on cleaning validation procedure, calculation of acceptance limits for rinse and swab samples, calculation of acceptance limits for swabs, analytical method validation for cleaning, cleaning validation test protocols and change control for revalidation.

Validation of Laboratory Instruments
This procedure describes the validation practices for laboratory instrument/equipment to be validated or calibrated and the confirmatory documentation required showing that the instrument/equipment is capable and operating effectively for its intended purpose. This procedure has practical instruction on Installation Qualification (IQ), Operational Qualification (OQ) and Performance Qualification (PQ) to be performed by the qualified equipment service technician in the presence of the laboratory staff with reference to the instrument/equipment manual.

Equipment Specification and Qualification
This procedure describes in detail the procedures for the procurement of equipment, incorporating standardized demand specifications and Installation Qualification documentation, to ensure that equipment procured complies with in-house requirements and standards and conform to Good Engineering Practice, to detail the general procedure to be followed regarding the reporting of Factory and Site Acceptance Tests, to detail the manner by which the equipment Installation Qualification is documented.

In-House Trial Procedure
The purpose of this SOP is to define common procedures to follow when organizing Trials/Evaluation Studies for the purpose of process improvement, equipment capability and validation studies.  It defines the responsibilities within the trial process and documents that need to be considered when preparing the Trial documentation to ensure that the trial meets GMP and where applicable validation requirements. This SOP defines the procedures for conducting in house stand-alone trials on systems, processes and equipment. There can be an overlap between a trial and validation in that Trial documentation may form part of a latter process validation, (i.e. concurrent and prospective validation) and qualifications (OQ, PQ).

Cleaning, Derouging and Passivation of the Stainless Steel Parts of the Purified Water System
This SOP defines the procedure for cleaning, passivating and derouging the purified water system at a GMP site. The procedure may be performed after construction, following invasive repair or following maintenance.  The various parts of this procedure are to be performed as necessary.  Parts of this procedure may not always be executed at the same time (e.g., The storage tank for the purified water may be cleaned and passivated without cleaning and passivating the ringmain).

Cleaning Validation Analytical Methods
The scope of this procedure includes the validation of 1. Sampling methods used to determine residues after cleaning of manufacturing and packaging equipment used for the production of commercial product. 2. Analytical methods to detect residue after cleaning of manufacturing and packaging equipment used for the production of commercial product.

Validation Deviation Management
The objective of this Standard Operating Procedure is to describe the actions required to handle deviations encountered during validation studies.

Validation Master Plan
The Validation Master Plan is designed to provide a planned and systematic framework within which all validation activities will occur.  This document will also ensure that the manufacturing facilities comply with the local applicable GMP regulations and site requirements for validation.

Process Validation Guideline
This policy applies to all production process used for manufacture of commercial drug products or in-process materials for commercial drug products. Excluded form this scope is filling of tablets and capsules and labelling and secondary packaging of all drug products.

Equipment Validation Guideline
This validation guideline describes the approach and methods which will be used for the qualification of equipment at a GMP manufacturing site.  The aim of this validation guideline is to provide a clear statement of the scope, validation approach and testing requirements for the validation of the equipment that is involved, directly or indirectly, in the manufacturing and testing processes.  The plan pertains to the qualification of processes and laboratory equipment.

Facility and Utility Validation Guideline
The aim of this validation guideline is to provide a clear statement of the scope, validation approach and testing required for the validation of the facilities and utilities that are involved, directly or indirectly, in the manufacturing processes at a GMP site.

Process Validation Sampling
This procedure is applicable to validation sampling and testing for all new product introductions, and when changes to manufacturing procedures, manufacturing equipment, or raw materials warrant process validation.  Each situation will be assessed on an individual basis, and the appropriate sections of this document shall be applied.

Raw Material Evaluation Process
The purpose of this Standard Operating Procedure is to describe the evaluation process for a new, or a change of, source raw material used to manufacture Drug Products at the GMP manufacturing facility. The procedure will provide a documented means of assuring that the changes are identified, documented, authorised and implemented taking due account of quality, regulatory and validation factors as well as environmental and safety issues.

Process Validation for Liquid and Solid Dosage Manufacturing
To outline the requirements for preparation, review, approval and execution of process validation protocols and preparation, review and approval of process validation reports for semi solid and solid dose products manufactured at a GMP Manufacturing Site.

Cleaning Validation Guideline
The purpose of cleaning validation is to provide documented evidence that the cleaning process is effective in removing residues of a product, cleaning agent or microbial contamination to below a predetermined level. The objective of this guideline is to describe the approach and methods, which will be used to validate cleaning and sanitation procedures involved in GMP processes employed in GMP Site Manufacturing facilities.

Guideline for the development of a Validation Project Plan
The purpose of the VPP is to, 1. Establish a plan for the overall validation effort and validation lifecycle to describe the extent of the validation effort required to meet Site and regulatory requirements. 2. Define Validation Deliverables for the computer system. 3. Provide a standardized format for Validation Project Plans.

Development of a User and Functional Requirement Specification
This procedure serves as a guideline for the development of a User Requirement Specification (URS) document and Functional Requirement Specification (FRS) document for a computer system at a GMP manufacturing facility.

Handling of Material Used for Trials
This SOP is to provide guidelines to ensure that materials that are brought into the manufacturing plant for trial purposes and not recorded into Material database are still accompanied by documentation so that their usage is recorded and reconciled and equipment that they contact is also recorded.

Periodic Review of Systems and Processes
This SOP covers the validated Direct Impact Systems (including the facilities, utilities, equipment, process control systems, computer / automation systems) and Processes in production, storage and distribution of drug products in a GMP site.

Packaging Trials
The purpose of this SOP is to define common procedures to be followed when organising Trials, including allocation of responsibility to coordinate the Trial and suggestion of what needs to be considered when preparing the Trial documentation.

 
1.1.2 - Computer System Validation Procedures

Computerized System Validation
To overview the procedure to be followed for the Qualification/Validation of computerized systems. This procedure applies to all computer systems (including embedded systems) directly associated with, or supporting, regulatory compliance requirements for the development, testing, manufacture and distribution of medicinal products.

Computer Validation Guideline
The objective of this guideline is, 1. To describe the approach and methods, which will be used to validate Computer Systems involved in GXP processes employed in the GMP Manufacturing facility. 2. To provide a clear statement of the requirements to identify, validate, document, maintain and retire Computer Systems at the manufacturing sites.

Impact Assessment for Computerised Systems
The purpose of this SOP is to provide a method of assessing and determining the validation requirements for computerized systems and controllers. The SOP identifies the typical qualification activities required for those systems having a Direct or Indirect impact on product/process quality and data integrity, should the system fail or malfunction. These activities are in addition to Good Engineering Practice (GEP), which is appropriate for all systems, and is also outlined

Functional Testing Guide for Computerised System
This SOP provides guidance on functional testing during the development or change of computerized systems which have GxP impact at a GMP manufacturing site.  What constitutes a change to a computerized system is described in manufacturing change control procedure.

Design Qualification Guidelines
The purpose of this document is to provide guidelines on conducting Design Qualification (DQ) during the conceptual and detail design phase for the implementation of a GMP facility, process and equipment (including computerized systems) to ensure conformance to operational and regulatory expectations. The guideline will provide the basis for conducting and documenting Design Qualification to all projects involving the introduction of, or significant change to, any facility, system or equipment that potentially impacts on product quality and is suitable for its intended purpose.

Protecting Reliability of Electronic GMP Documents
This SOP applies to records created, processed, used or stored by (or for) the GMP Manufacturing site, that are the output of a computerized system.  It is of particular relevance to records that have a GMP role, i.e. supporting product quality, patient safety or regulatory compliance.  The guideline may also be used for other computerized systems that are classified as business critical.

Guideline For The Development of A Computer Validation Project Plan
The purpose of the VPP is to: 1. Establish a plan for the validation lifecycle and to describe the extent of the validation effort required to meet Site and regulatory requirements. 2. Define Validation Deliverables for the computer system. 3. Provide a standardized format for Validation Project Plans.

Risk Assessment for Computer Validation Systems
A Risk Assessment may be applied to computerized systems to enable the targeting of the validation effort to those areas and functions that most require it. Validation of systems serves two purposes: 1. To avoid any intolerable risk to patient safety or to the business. 2. To maximize the business benefits to be derived from the new system.

Development of A Functional Requirement Specification for Computer Systems
This procedure serves as a guideline for the development of a Functional Requirement Specification (FRS) document for a computer system at a GMP manufacturing facility. The purpose of this document is to: 1. Define what a system should do and which functions and facilities are to be provided based on the requirements of the User Requirement Specification (URS). 2. Provide traceability to specific requirements in the URS.

Conducting an Electronic Record and Signature Assessment
The purpose of this Standard Operating Procedure is to provide instruction and practical guidelines for conducting a Electronic Record and Electronic Signature Assessment. The purpose of the Assessment Worksheet is to: 1. Specify the criteria under which computer systems are to be evaluated against 21 CFR Part 11. 2. Document the evaluation of computerized systems
 
1.1.3 - Validation Templates

Cleaning Validation-Rinsing Test Template; Cleaning Validation-Swab Test Template; Cleaning Validation-Comparative Analysis Template; Example of Installation Qualification Report; Example of Operational Qualification Report; Example of Validation Plan; Example of Validation Report; Example of Commissioning Plan; Example of Design Qualification Protocol; Example of Installation Qualification Equipment; Example of Installation Qualification HVAC; Example of Installation Qualification Operating Environment; Example of Installation Qualification Pipework; Example of Installation Qualification Utilities; Example of Electrical Demand Specification; Example of Instrumentation Demand Specification; Example of Mechanical Demand Specification; Example of HAZOP Report; Example of Traceability Matrix Report; Example of Validation Report Combined OQ_PQ; Example of Project Definition Report; Installation Qualification Computer; Cleaning Validation Interim Report Template; Cleaning Validation Campaign Length Increase Protocol; Cleaning Validation Protocol Template; Cleaning Validation Report Template; Installation and Operational Qualification Protocol Template; Installation and Operational Qualification Report Template; Packaging Validation Protocol Template; Packaging Validation Report Template; Process Validation Protocol template; Process Validation Report Template; Product Transfer Protocol Template; Electronic Records and Signatures Compliance Assessment; Impact Assessment Template for Equipment, Utility and Computer
  1.2 - Quality Assurance and Compliance Procedures SOPs    

How to Write Standard Operating Procedure
This SOP describes standard SOP format that you can create and use immediately for your quality procedures. This SOP has instructions on how to write a formal Operating Procedures for your systems which your people can follow everyday.

All Documents - Classification, Definition and Approval Matrix
In this SOP you will find all type of quality and Technical/Master file documents to build up a good quality management system for your manufacturing sites, definition of documents, their classification, approval requirements and retention requirements. This procedure has schematic diagrams for your understanding of how different types of documents are prepared and stored in a typical documentation database. 

GMP Quality Documentation Management and Change Control
This SOP describes how to generate new quality documents or change control of existing documents, review of quality documents, satellite file management, role of document author, approver, document control officer and satellite file administrator. In this SOP you will also find numbering systems of different quality documents like audit files, SOPs, forms, manuals, training files, QA agreements, project files etc and their effective archiving system.

Documentation Rule for GMP Documents
This SOP describes the principles to be followed in GMP documents, entry of data and information, signature requirements and correction technique of incorrectly entered data or information.

GMP Quality Documentation - Control, Tracking and Distribution
In this SOP you will find mainly the role of document control officer during the initiation, creation, circulation and approval of new quality related documents. It also describes the procedure of modification and review of existing document using a documentation database. Management of existing and superseded documents is also a part of this procedure. You will see all the forms referred during the instruction are attached at the end of the procedure.

Preparation, Maintenance and Change Control of Master Documents
This SOP particularly focused on the management of master file documents like specifications, control methods, raw materials, finished goods and packaging specification and test reports, formulation, stability files etc required to generate during the product registration in the market. This SOP gives instruction on their creation, change control, numbering system, approval requirements and maintenance in a simple master file database. You will see all the forms referred during the instruction are attached at the end of the procedure.

Pharmaceutical Deviation Report System
It is a regulatory requirement to capture all sorts of deviations evolves in your systems in order to maintain the continuous improvement of your processes and systems. This SOP describes how to categorize the deviations between production, audit, quality improvements, technical deviations, customer complaints and environmental, health and safety deviations. It describes the management responsibilities of initiating deviation, capture data, analysis, investigation, determination of assignable causes, generation of management report and initiatives to be taken on corrective and preventative actions.

Vendor Selection and Evaluation Procedure
This SOP describes the procedure to be followed during the vendor assessment and vendor evaluation for purchasing of raw materials, critical and non critical packaging components, laboratory supplies, engineering supplies and imported finished goods from the vendor. These instructions are essential for approving prospective vendor.

Vendor Certification Procedure
This procedure aims to describe the process by which a vendor may be certified to supply materials or services. This procedure applies to vendors that supply a material or service to be used at any stage of manufacture by operations. Here you will get the roles of each department in the process to certify an approved vendor.

Pharmaceutical Product Complaint Procedure
This procedure covers the receipt, logging, evaluation, investigation and reporting system of all complaints received from customers for the marketed products. This SOP contains step by step instruction to be followed in the customer complaint management like numbering of complaint, registration, evaluation of complaints, determination of assignable cause for the complaint deviation, implementation of corrective and preventative actions, trending of complaints and handling of counterfeit products.

Procedure for Annual Product Quality Review
This procedure provides a guideline to annual product review which is required to be performed for each product produced for the commercial market to evaluate data, trends and to identify any preventative or corrective action that would lead to product quality improvements and report them to management.

Manufacturing Rework Procedure
This SOP contains the step by step instruction to be followed when the rework of an in-process or completed finished good is required. This SOP covers the reworks of in-process manufactured goods where new batch number is introduced for the reworked part and rework of manufactured finished good keeping the same batch number. This sop also describes how to create rework protocols for each individual case.

Procedure for Product Identification and Traceability
The purpose of this SOP is to define the method used for the identification of all contributing materials that could affect product quality and to ensure their full traceability. Here you will find instruction on all the records and documents used for the identification and traceability of incoming raw materials and out going finished goods.

GMP Audit Procedures
This SOP describes the process of planning, performing, reporting and follow-up of different audits for your systems like Internal Quality audit, Vendor audit, Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) audit, EHS workplace inspection, Housekeeping audit. This SOP also describes the process to be followed by manufacturing personnel during an audit from a Regulatory authority.

Example of Checklist for Batch Documentation
This SOP describes the identification of all documentation relevant to a production process in the form of “Batch Documentation Checklists” and to ensure their collection by completion of the checklists by Authorized Persons. This procedure is based on an example of tablet packaging process described in the ‘Manufacturing’ category.

Evaluation of Batch Documentation and Release for Sale
This procedure describes the process of collection, evaluation and record of batch related document generated during the production of a batch before an authorized person can release the batch for sale.  This procedure is based on an example of tablet packaging process described in the ‘Manufacturing’ category.

GMP Training Procedure
This SOP describes how to design and deliver GMP related trainings for your manufacturing staffs, training assessment design, recording of assessment and preparation of training reports.

How to Write GMP Training Materials
This simple SOP contains instructions on how to write training materials, identification of training requirements, available resources, preparation of training aid checklists for your manufacturing staffs.

House Keeping Audit Procedure
This SOP describes the requirements, checklists and reporting procedure on housekeeping audits. Individual checklist forms are attached at end of the procedure for different areas like process, laboratory, engineering stores, warehouses. This procedure also describes the handling of non-compliance found during the housekeeping audits.

Management and Control of Contract Work
The procedure describes the management and control of contract work provided by the contractors for packaging and finished products for your company as well as control of contract works done by your company on behalf of others.

Criteria for Sourcing of Raw Materials, Critical Packaging Components and Imported Finished Goods
The purpose of this SOP is to describe the process for approval of an external vendor/manufacturer supplying products to your company. It covers raw materials (including bulk products for subsidiaries and contract manufacturers), critical packaging components in contact with product and imported finished goods.  The SOP also references affiliated documentation detailing the scope of active materials used and the approved manufacturers of these materials.

Quality Concern Investigation Process
This procedure contains instruction to be followed when conducting Investigations and to raise and assess Deviation Report when an Investigation or Incident Investigation occurs. This procedure is to be used in conjunction with Deviation management, which covers the approval and follow-up activities associated with a Deviation Report. Here you will find collection of information for an incident or a deviation, steps to be followed for a cross functional investigation, reporting and implementing of the outcomes of investigation.

Change Management System
This procedure provides a standardised procedure and framework for initiating, authorising, planning and implementing any change to a GMP system. Product Change Management requires that all planned permanent changes that have the potential to impact on regulatory filings or the quality of an active pharmaceutical ingredient or drug product must be evaluated, reviewed and approved.  It also requires that the site procedure must include provision for effectively tracking all quality and regulatory changes and provide a mechanism for review and approval by the Site Quality Team for all changes.

Cross Functional Investigation
This procedure describes the guidelines for initiating, communicating, conducting and documenting Cross-Functional Investigations (CFI) related to process, system, product, material, facility and laboratory deviations.  A Cross–Functional Investigation is an extended investigation conducted in order to identify a Root Cause.

Quality Risk Management Techniques
This SOP defines the approach to Quality Risk Management (QRM) of a GMP site and gives practical examples for tools which may be used to facilitate the process and to aid personnel performing the assessment.


1.2.3 - Quality Assurance Templates

Raw Material Specification and Test Report Template; Internal Audit Report Template; Training Report Template; Quality Assurance Agreement Template; Protocol Rework- Manufactured Finished Goods; Vendor Audit Report Template; Protocol Rework- In Process Manufactured Goods; Control Method Template

1.3 - Quality Control Laboratory Procedures SOPs  

Retest Dating of Raw Materials
The purpose of this procedure is to describe how to run the expired stock report; to describe how to define the requirements for the retesting and assignment of storage periods for active ingredients, excipients and raw materials; to instruct retesting procedure and to determine the status of a finished goods batch with a shorter shelf life.

Calibration Policies for Laboratory Instruments
This SOP describes the calibration policies of laboratory instruments/ equipments. It describes labeling and security requirements of laboratory instruments/ equipments. This SOP also describes the investigational steps to be required in the case of failed calibration.

Archiving Laboratory Documentation
This procedure describes retention and disposal procedures of laboratory documentation, general laboratory documentation system that includes handling of rejected raw material and finished product reports, finished goods certificate of analysis, finished goods register, raw material certificate of analysis, raw material register, trend cards, procedure for long term document retention.

Management of Reference Substances
This SOP describes the ordering, referencing, storing, coding, use and general register maintenance of primary and impurity reference substances, primary reagent reference solutions, secondary raw material reference substance, assay testing procedure of secondary raw material reference substance, use of secondary raw material reference substance in the laboratory routine analysis, determination of expiry date and re-test date of reference substances.

Laboratory Workbook
This SOP describes types of laboratory workbooks, general and GMP requirements of using workbooks, analytical data entry in the workbook, formatting of laboratory workbooks for routine testing, experiments and trials, workbook retention policy, instruction on data entry for incomplete experiments and additional data.

Creation of Certificate of Analysis
The purpose of this procedure is to define the content and format of a Certificate of Analysis (C/A) and Certificate of Manufacture (C/C) and to provide guidance for issuing a Certificate of Analysis or Certificate of Manufacture and to locate the appropriate data required for this task.

Managing Analytical Reagents
This procedure identifies the need for all analytical reagents and solutions prepared from the reagents, to have an assigned expiry date and storage conditions recorded on the label. Here you will find the procedure for purchase and management of analytical reagents and laboratory prepared reagents.

Laboraotry Waste Management
This simple procedure describes how to dispose off laboratory generated wastes of toxic, explosive, flammable, corrosive, oxidizing and biologically damaging natures.

Retention Samples Management in Laboratory
The purpose of this SOP is to describe the finished good and raw material sample retention procedures, products manufactured and/or received onsite and/or chemically tested by the Laboratory.

Laboratory Results Out of Specification Investigation
This procedure describes the actions to be taken by an analyst in the event the result of a test does not conform to raw material/components or finished products specifications for physical and chemical tests. An out of specification (OOS) result does not necessarily mean the batch under investigation fails and shall be rejected.  The OOS results shall be investigated and the findings of the investigation, including re-test results shall be interpreted to evaluate the batch and reach a decision regarding release or rejection.

Laboratory Testing and Documentation of Raw Materials
This SOP describes the procedure for sampling, location, pre-testing, testing and documentation of all raw materials and components subject to test, out of specification results, microbiological tests and release procedure for passed raw materials and components.

Laboratory Testing and Documentation of Finished Products
This SOP describes the procedure for sampling, location, pre-testing, testing and documentation of all finished products subject to test, reagents and standards to be used for analysis, management of out of specification results, microbiological tests and release procedure for passed finished goods.

Preparation and Maintenance of Stability Protocols for pharmaceuticals Products
This procedure describes the preparation and management of Stability Protocols for marketed products. This procedure is applicable to all protocols for stability studies on commercial products. The responsibility of the commercial Site Stability Manager for creating and maintaining protocols that are required for studies that came as a result of validation or process deviation.

Stability and Trial Testing Procedure for pharmaceuticals Products
To describe the steps necessary to ensure the effective control of stability and trial testing programs of new and existing products. This procedure is focused on setting up of stability programs, testing, reporting, general sampling procedure for stability programs, data generation and analysis, annual maintenance of stability, new product stability procedure, procedure for in-house trials, reporting and interpretation of trials and conclusion of the trail program. 

Preparation of Disinfectant Solution IPA
This procedure describes the preparation and use of disinfectant solutions (70% IPA) in the Sterile Area and also outlines the procedure for Integrity testing of the 70% IPA Filter.

Laboratory Analytical Determinations
The purpose of this document is to describe the operational procedures to be followed when carrying out analytical analyses in the Quality Control Laboratory at a GMP site. This SOP outlines the system suitability (SST) and acceptance criteria for analysis by HPLC and UV-VIS Spectrophotometer; e.g. Composite Assay (Assay), Degradation Products / Related Substances / Impurities (Degradation), Content Uniformity (CU), and Dissolution tests for all Raw Materials, In-process, Finished Products and Stability Samples in the QC Laboratory. This SOP also covers the number of standard and samples to be weighed for HPLC and UV-VIS Spectrophotometers analyses.

HPLC Reproducibility, Column Performance and Testing Guidelines
The purpose of this document is to describe the Reproducibility checks of the High Performance Liquid Chromatograph, Column Performance and guidelines for assay testing on the HPLC.

HPLC Method Development & Validation Procedure
The validation of an analytical method is the process by which it is established that the performance characteristics of the method, such as Precision, Accuracy, Specificity, Linearity, Limit of Detection (LOD), Limit of Quantitation (LOQ) and Robustness meet the requirements for the intended applications. This SOP refers specifically to HPLC.  However, the same principles may be applied to validations of other types of analytical procedures. Well-characterised reference materials with documented purity should be used to perform the validation.

The optimum wavelength for a method can be found by acquiring the chromatographic data on a PDA detector over a large wavelength range, (e.g. 200-400nm).  The optimum wavelength is the wavelength, which maximises the response for all the components of interest, but is outside the absorbance for the mobile phase.  Before validating an HPLC method, its Specificity must be determined.  If the method does not comply with the Specificity requirements, the method must be modified until the acceptance criteria are met.  Hence it is essential that the Specificity be adequate, before Precision, Linearity and Accuracy, etc. are performed.

Laboratory In Process and Finished Product Quality Control
This purpose of this document is to outline the procedure to be followed for the receiving, scheduling, testing, reporting, reviewing, approval and release of In-process and Finished Products in the QC Laboratory at a GMP site.

Laboratory Housekeeping and Glassware Cleaning
The purpose of this document is to establish guidelines for the laboratory housekeeping and glassware cleaning in the Quality Control Laboratory at a GMP/GLP facility. 

Safety Procedure in Laboratory
This document outlines the procedure to be followed to provide a safe working environment in the Quality Control Laboratory.

Use and Control of laboratory Chemical Materials
This document describes the requirements for receipt, labelling, handling, storage, standardization and review of laboratory chemical materials in the Quality Control (QC) Laboratory

Qualification of Laboratory Instruments
The purpose of this procedure is to outline the general system and documentation required for the qualification of laboratory instruments. This procedure also outlines post service qualification requirements for HPLC systems.

Sampling of Raw Materials, In-process and Bulk Finished Product
The purpose of this document is to outline the correct sampling technique for samples of Raw Materials, Blends, End of Run (EOR), Coated and Bulk Finished Products, and to ensure that samples are representative of the batch of materials or products from which they are taken.  The SOP also defines to process to be followed in case a re-sample or a batch or lot is required.

Stability Management Procedure
This document outlines the procedure to be followed for the management of the stability program in the Quality Control Laboratory.

Validation of Analytical Test Procedure
The purpose of this procedure is to define the requirements for the Validation of Non-Compendial Analytical and Biological Test Methods, as well as for the Verification of Compendial Analytical and Biological Test Methods. The objective of the Validation / Verification is to demonstrate that the test methods are suitable for their intended purpose.

1.4 - Microbiology (Sterile) Laboratory Procedures SOPs
 
Entry Procedure for Sterile Filling Areas
This SOP outlines the gowning procedure that must be followed by each and every person who enters a Sterile Area. The procedure is designed to reduce the risk of contaminating product with bacteria and/or particles

Validation of Aseptic Gowning Procedures
Aseptic gowning is the ability to complete the gowning procedure without compromising the sterility of the garment. This SOP outlines the sterile gowning validation procedure as required for the final sign off for the initial sterile training and the revalidation of currently trained Operators, Fitters, Electricians and Cleaners and all organization staff who are authorized to enter Sterile areas.

Microbiological Data Recording Procedure
To describe procedures for the recording of Microbiological data using the in-house hard copy and computerized recording system.  All documents containing test results are legal documents and therefore it is imperative that all the information required is recorded accurately. Any changes/corrections to be made must be signed with that person’s initials and dated.

Destruction of Biological Waste in the Microbiology Laboratory
To describe procedures for destroying all Laboratory Biological Waste to comply with Quarantine Regulations

Depyrogenation of Glassware in Microbiology Laboratory Oven
To outline the procedure for the depyrogenation of glassware using the Microbiology Laboratory Qualtex Oven.

Media Preparation in Microbiology Laboratory
To describe the procedures for the preparation of microbiological media for use in the Microbiology Laboratory.

Aseptic Media Filling and Microbiology Integrity Leak (Soup) Testing Procedure
One of the requirements of cGMP is a periodic evaluation of all aseptic processes by filling media into the appropriate containers under normal production conditions. The media fill should reflect the sterility of the entire process from the Sterilizing filter to the filled primary container and should include all subsequent manufacturing steps. This SOP outlines the procedures for both Media Fills and Microbiological Leak Tests. For Validation purposes, a Microbiological Leak Test (Soup test) or a separate Protocol to verify the entire process from the ‘Bioburden Reduction Filter’ to the primary container may be required.

Aseptic Media Filling and Soup Test Guideline
Media Fills are designed to verify the entire process, equipment and staff. This process simulation should be performed as initial validation with three (3) consecutive satisfactory simulation tests per shift and repeated at defined 6 monthly intervals (twice per year per process per shift) and after any significant modification to the HVAC-system, equipment, process and number of shifts” for aseptically filled process. Soup test has to be conducted at least once per year per shift for terminally sterilised lines and non-sterile process. Validation and re-validation media fills are to assure the sterility of the entire process. This process simulation test should imitate as closely as possible the routine aseptic manufacturing process and include all the critical subsequent manufacturing steps. The Media Fill should challenge the “worst case” situation and should include all the possible interventions of a normal production run.  The duration of the media run should be at least 4 hours or half a production shift to allow for all routine interventions.

Environmental and Plant Hygiene Monitoring Procedure
Description for Microbiological testing of areas of the environment which may influence or affect product performance and/or quality-including, air, surfaces, personnel, clothing and disinfectants. Daily monitoring of sterile grade areas during production is to be conducted by trained production staff. The Microlab is to ensure that the necessary plates are delivered on a daily basis so monitoring can take place. Once a test has been completed, the responsible operator is to initial the plate and make sure that the batch number of the batch running at the time of the test is written on the plate.  Plates will be labeled with prompts to ensure this isn’t forgotten.  If no batch is running at the time of the test N/A should be put on the plate instead of a batch number. If an area of concern is noted during routine daily testing, inform Micro immediately so that further steps can be taken. 

Microbial Limit Testing Procedure Using Laminar Flow Cabinets
To describe the procedures to be followed in conducting Microbial Limit Tests in the Laminar flow Cabinets in the Microbiology Lab.

Microbiological Monitoring of Plant Water Systems
In this SOP you will find Sampling Procedure for Bioburden and Endotoxin Samples, Bioburden Test Method and Results, Endotoxin Testing of WFI (Distilled Water), Bioburden and Bacterial Endotoxin Alert and Action Levels, Diagrammatic Representations of a typical purified Water Systems, Bioburden Waste Tank Water Sampling, Clean Steam Sampling & Testing, OOL/OOS Result Actions etc

Micro Laboratory Procedure for Sterility Testing
This sop is to describe the procedure for sterility testing of aqueous, injectable and terminally sterilized non injectable products. To explain the correct interpretation of sterility results and to outline Stasis requirements for used sterility canisters.

Determination of Heat Resistance of Spore Forming Organisms
This SOP describes the method for calculating the Heat Resistance Factor, (D-value),of spore-forming organisms. D-Value is defined as the time required for a population of a pure culture of microorganisms to be decreased by 90% when exposed to a fixed temperature, e.g. 121°C (+1°C).

Identification of Microorganisms to Genus and Species Level
To describe the procedures for the preliminary identification of bacteria isolated from Plant Water, Environmental, Personnel, Product and Raw Material sources. Bacteria that will require identification (ID) to at least genus level include organisms isolated from the manufacturing environment, personnel, in-process and finished products, plant water and other miscellaneous sources.  SOP’s detailing the microbiological testing procedures for each of these samples will indicate the required level of ID of recovered organisms. The following sections detail the procedures for the preliminary ID of micro-organisms. Further ID to species level is to be conducted for conformation.

Micro Evaluation on Bioburden, Non sterile and Raw Materials
This SOP describes the procedures for Microbiological Evaluation of Bioburdens, non-sterile Products & raw materials. Bioburdens includes: Batches prior to membrane filtration, i.e. solutions; Batches prior to sterilization i.e. filled containers; Face masks; IPA. This procedure includes Equipment preperation for Non-sterile testing, Bulk Solution Bioburden (BSB) Sampling; Filled Container Bioburdens (FCB);  Raw Material Bioburdens (RMB); Surgical Face Masks; Isopropyl Alcohol (70% IPA); Speciation Procedures for Organisms found in Non Sterile Products and Raw Materials; Out-of-Specification Procedures for Non Sterile Products and Raw Materials; Retest and Repeat Procedures for Non-Sterile Products and Raw Materials.

Bacterial EndoToxin Testing (LAL) - Gel Clot Method
To describe the procedure for conducting a Bacterial Endotoxin Test by the LAL Gel-Clot method. The gel-clot method for bacterial endotoxin testing described in this SOP is based on the fact that Limulus Amoebocyte Lysate (LAL) will form a firm gel in the presence of bacterial endotoxin.

Bacterial EndoToxin Testing kCA Method
The purpose of this SOP is to outline the theory of Bacterial Endotoxin testing using Kinetic Chromogenic Analysis (KCA). And to outline the procedure for routine product testing, operator / reagent verification and product validation by KCA using the BioWhittaker KQCL (brand) reader. This Procedure also describes the routine maintenance procedures for the BioWhittaker KQCL (brand) reader.

Stock Suspensions of Micro Organisms
The objective of this SOP is: To describe the method for preparing and maintaining stock suspensions of vegetative microorganisms and spores used within the Microbiology Laborator;. To explain the procedure for growth promotion and media verification requirements for all media used within the Laboratory; To outline requirements for Stasis testing on sterility canisters after sterility testing has been completed.

Sterile Sampling Procedure for Microbiology Laboratory
To detail the procedure for taking Microbiological samples for Sterility testing, Bacterial Endotoxin testing, Bioassay testing, Microbial Limit test and Micro status testing throughout Production. This procedure includes sterilization charts, Settle plates (Fallout plates) and Personnel monitoring.

Gel Clot Validation Method
The gel clot validation method for Bacterial Endotoxin testing described in this SOP, is to determine the level of Inhibition/Enhancement of products on the LAL test for endotoxins within the allowable Maximum Valid Dilution (MVD) for each type of product. The Gel-Clot techniques detect or quantify endotoxins based on clotting of the LAL reagent in the presence of endotoxin. To be determined for each type of product, using the highest and lowest concentration of active.  If either concentration shows inhibition or enhancement, then each remaining concentration must be tested.  At least three (3) Production batches of each finished product should be tested for inhibition and enhancement.

Laboratory Investigation and Retest Procedure for Atypical and Out of Specification Results
The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidance when investigating microbiology laboratory out of specification (OOS) results associated with raw material samples, in-process samples and finished product samples. This procedure describes the actions taken by Microbiology Laboratory staff in the event the result of a test does not conform to company specifications for microbiological release. This procedure will also provide guidance for re-testing raw material samples, in-process samples and finished product samples when it has been decided through a laboratory investigation that retesting is justified. Retesting should be viewed as an investigational tool to aid in determination of the root cause of the discrepant laboratory result.

Operation and Calibration of Sievers 820 TOC Analyser
To define the procedures to be followed and the responsibility for the operation, calibration and maintenance of the Sievers 820 TOC Analyser with Autosampler.

IPA Contamination Testing Procedure
To describe the test sometimes used to check the purity of the IPA used in the factory as a disinfectant.

Control of Microbiology Test Methods
This document details the writing, control, and distribution of Microbiological Test Methods (MTM) for use in the GMP Microbiology Lab. This procedure applies to Microbiological Test Methods that are controlled from beginning to end by the Microbiology Lab Manager.

Handling of Test Sample in Microbiology Laboratory
This document details the handling of test samples (raw materials, bulk product and stability samples) processed for Microbial Limits Testing (MLT) in the Microbiology Laboratory. This procedure applies to samples tested for Microbial Limits within the Quality Control Microbiology Laboratory.

Documentation Requirement For Micro Test Method Validation
The procedure describes the process for accessing and using protocol templates for documentation of test method validation activities in the Microbiology laboratories. This procedure applies to Microbiology personnel responsible for the validation or verification of microbiological test methods. The procedure outlines the requirements for approval of method development protocols, validation/verification protocols and final validation summary reports.

Maintenance of Culture Collection
This document deals with the correct means of maintaining a culture collection with an emphasis on aseptic practices in the laboratory.
1.5 - Standard Operating Procedure for Packaging Operation  

Clothing Requirements Inside the Factory Area
This SOP covers the clothing requirements needed in all Factory areas for your manufacturing site. The different levels of cleanliness must be maintained to minimize microbial and particle contamination. This procedure contains general rules and restriction to be followed by your manufacturing employees, defining different environmentally graded areas and entry requirements for those areas.

Cleaning Responsibilities and Methods for Employees
This SOP describes the cleaning procedures to be followed by all employees working in the manufacturing area in order to prevent contamination of product by foreign materials from another batch, or by dirty parts, which may contain bacteria. This SOP contains instruction on responsibility of cleaning, degree of cleaning to be done, popular cleaning aids and solutions permitted to use for cleaning, rubbish removal and outline of cleaning methods for different environmentally graded areas.

Factory Cleaning Procedure
This SOP defines the methods, frequency and the intensity of Factory Cleaning. The purpose of cleaning is to remove debris from within the plant in a sanitary and effective manner and to avoid contamination from dust or foreign materials. This procedure describes which popular cleaning aids and solutions are to be used to clean the floors, walls, sinks and windows in the Production areas, office areas, change rooms, workshops, laboratories, stores, canteens, plus the toilet facilities. This procedure also describes the scope and responsibility of contract cleaners.

Manufacturing Pest Control Procedure
This SOP describes the responsibilities of all employees and pest control services, classification of pests, frequency of the pest control service and effective treatments against all types of pest. 

Management of Production Logbook
This procedure outlines the generation, maintenance and filing of Production logbooks. Production logbooks form part of the documentation system required by the Code of GMP to provide complete and up-to-date histories of all batches of product. The logbook provides a key link in the process of traceability.

Examples of Packaging Configuration for Production Line
This SOP provides an alphabetically indexed diagram of shipper packing and pallet packing configurations for any packaging process. This procedure contains schematic diagrams of different packaging configurations and calculations of total unit to be packed per container which can be useable into your packing lines.

Checking of Components Prior to Use
This SOP sets out a procedure to ensure that only components of correct code and batch number are issued for a batch and only issued components will be used in a finished product batch. This SOP also describes the procedure to be followed during returning of components to warehouse from the production lines.

Safety Tag Out Procedure
This SOP describes how to prevent the risk of personal injury or damage to equipment likely to be caused by operating or attempting to operate machinery or equipment diagnosed as being unsafe, in need of repair or maintenance or formally removed from service. The SOP covers all isolation, condemning, repair or maintenance work that necessitates a device or machine to be taken out of service. This SOP applies to any situation where energy (either supplied to equipment, or stored within it) needs to be isolated to ensure the safety of any person working on or near equipment, processes or services - for any reason whatsoever.

Procedures for Line Clearance, Line Opening and Line Cleaning
This SOP describes the procedure and order to be followed when performing a Line clearance, Line opening and Line cleaning for a batch production. The procedure has been established to prevent mix-ups of products, containers, components, labels and mistakes in documentations. Mix-ups and mistakes can occur when correct procedure and GMP are not followed. Particular care should be taken when starting a new operation, at the change of shift and when additional components are needed. In this procedure you will find example of line clearance, opening and cleaning checklist based on an example of tablet packing line.

Reconciliation Procedure of Component and Product
This simple SOP describes the concept of reconciliation, how to reconcile finished goods and determine the allowable discrepancies of components and products when reconciled.

Example of Intermediate Bulk Conainers Operation and Cleaning
To describe the operation and cleaning procedures that relate to the use of the Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC’s) used to store bulk tablets on the process line. The procedure covers: Receiving of the bins from Dispensary, Movement to the process, Lifting and emptying the contents, Cleaning and returning the bins back to Dispensary.

Example of a Tablet Packing Machine -Construction, Operation and Cleaning
This procedure describes the machine construction and operation, machine start up and cleaning of a typical tablet Blistering machine and the Cartoner for tablet packing. You will be able to create a new procedure for your packing line based on the format of this SOP.

Example of Manufacturing and Packaging Instruction for Tablet Packing
This procedure describes how to create a complete manufacturing instruction for your process line to be followed by your manufacturing employees. To make the instruction more practical and easy to understand, a sample instruction is added in the form of a protocol for a typical tablet packing process. All the related blank forms are attached at the end of the procedure for a better understanding.

Mop Cleaning Procedure
This simple procedure outlines the operation of the factory laundry in a safe and hazard-free manner. This procedure can be used in any manufacturing site for the purpose of mop cleaning.

Scheduling of Production Lines
This procedure describes how to produce a monthly manufacturing schedule following an agreed 12 months plan, to provide a sequence of work that will enable the scheduling of support groups (i.e. Quality, Technical and Warehousing), incorporate any planned engineering down time (i.e. project work, calibration and preventative maintenance), create and release batches according to the agreed weekly schedule, provide key dates for product supply to support Customer Service.

Vacuum Leak Testing Procedure for Finished Goods
This SOP describes the set up and operation of a standard vacuum Leak Tester for the very popular vacuum leak testing used in a typical packing line.

Weighing Equipment - Checking and Calibration
The purpose is to outline the procedures required for the checking/calibration and repair of balances, scales, check-weighers and load cells.

Example of Operation of Automatic Checkweigher for Finished Packs
The purpose of this SOP is to describe the set-up and operating procedures for the Checkweigher in the packing lines.

Example of Tablet Packing - Start up and In-process Testing
This procedure contains instructions that enable the production operators working in a typical packing line to carry out Start-Up and In-Process Tests required in order to produce quality products and to ensure in-process controls. A typical tablet packing process is used here as an example.

Example-Packed Tablet Sampling by Production Personnel for Testing
This procedure describes the process of sampling manufactured finished good required to be taken by production personnel for the laboratory testing. A typical tablet packing process is used here as an example.

Component Return Procedure From Packaging Floor
This procedure describes the steps to be followed when there are packaging components to be returned to the warehouse after the packaging operation has been completed.

1.6 - Warehouse Management Procedures SOPs 

Generation of Purchase Order For Inventory and Consumables
This procedure describes the steps to be followed by planning and procurement department to create purchase order for inventory items to be purchased from overseas and local suppliers.

Material Purchasing Information Record
This simple procedure describes how to keep purchasing information for approved materials, vendors, manufacturers, standard and current pricing and third party agreements.

Procedure for Receipt of Incoming Goods
This SOP contains step by step instruction on condition of accepting incoming goods in the warehouse, ‘booking In’ procedure of component and non component goods, how to complete movements of incoming goods into different storage locations within the warehouse maintaining full traceability. Here you will find generation and filing of documents related to receipt of incoming goods.

Incoming Raw Materials and Components-Handling by QC Sampler
This procedure describes quarantining, sampling, testing and releasing of incoming raw materials to Production. Here you will find the labeling requirement for component to be sampled, checking requirements of components, sampling and re-sampling of incoming goods for laboratory testing, generation of documentation during the movement of components in order to maintain complete traceability.

Warehouse Processing Issues, Returns and Rejects
This SOP contains step by step instruction on issue of tested and QC released components for batch production, documentation needed for capturing identification and traceability information during the picking, assembling and transferring of those components from warehouse to production. This procedure also has instruction to follow during the return and reject processing of raw materials and components from production to warehouse.

Dispatch of Goods From Warehouse
This SOP contains instruction and documentation on movement of finished goods to quarantine until release for sale, dispatching procedure and documentation needed for transferring of finished goods from quarantine to warehouse store and subsequently to out side the manufacturing site maintaining a complete traceability of finished goods.

Warehouse Inventory Management Procedure
In this procedure you will find a complete inventory management system by stock counting instruction, stock classification and reconciliation programs. Here you will find instruction on cycle counting by material code, counting by bin sheet information and reconciling/cross checking of those counts by physical counting of the stock, determination of material gain or loss and filing instruction.

Design of Warehouse Locations and Storage Area
This SOP is designed to understand and draw an schematic diagram of ideal warehouse and production areas, identifying in-coming goods storage unit types and storage bin types, quarantines, reject cage, cool room, flammable storage, dispensary booths, production area, finished goods quarantine area and  finished goods storage areas. This procedure defines how storage unit types and storage bins are numbered. This SOP is to be used as a guide to define the types of storage units and bins, movement direction within the warehouse and production areas.

Finished Goods Transfer to Quarantine and Distribution Warehouse
This simple SOP contains instruction and documentation on movement of finished goods from production to warehouse finished goods quarantine location until the samples are tested and released by the authorized persons.

Sampling Procedure of Raw Materials
This procedure primarily concerned with risk associated with sampling, precaution to be followed when sampling, general sampling procedures for raw materials, critical and non critical components, chemicals and secondary reference standards for laboratory.

Sampling of Components and Printed Materials
This procedure is an elaboration of SOP WAR-045 and mainly concerned with sampling plans and instructions of components and printed materials for quality testing before release for production use.

Safety Procedure of Warehouse Racking
This SOP outlines the measures to be taken to ensure the safety of all goods and personnel when using the storage racking system in order to avoid injury to staff or damage to property. This procedure concerned with the handling and storage of materials or products and to report any damage which may be occurred.  This SOP particularly relates to the activities of the staff of the receiving and distribution warehouse.

Forklift Operation in Warehouse
This SOP gives instructions on operation requirements and maintenance of forklifts used in the warehouse, safety precaution to be taken during the operation of forklift under load.

Tablet Dispensary Procedure
This procedure is mainly concerned with dispensing plans and instructions of released raw materials for production use. An example of tablet dispensary procedure is prepared for better explanation and understandings of dispensing. You will be able to follow the instruction for dispensing of any raw materials in your facility.

 
1.7 - Environmental Health and Safety Procedures SOPs

Hazardous Chemical Substance Management
This procedure describes the requirements for the management of: Approval for proposed new chemical substances. (excluding Contractor activities), Existing chemical substances that are classified as Hazardous Chemical Substances, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).

Environmental, Health and Safety Risk Management
The purpose of this SOP is to: Describe the risk management process of identifying EHS hazards, assessing risk, designing appropriate controls and reviewing the controls, Describe the steps to take and the tool that shall be used to undertake preliminary risk assessments (PRA), Outline the procedure for using the DR system for reporting EHS hazards that cannot be immediately and simply resolved by the observer.

Waste Removal Process
To standardise the types of containers used for handling all types of waste, recycling material and waste from the Manufacturing facilities.

EHS Incident Management Procedure
This procedure defines the requirements for immediate action, investigation, and reporting, corrective action, follow-up and training associated with EHS incidents.

First Aid Procedure
The purpose of this SOP is to formalise the role of the nominated site first aiders, and to provide a clear understanding of the first aiders responsibilities and provide first aiders with information relating to the delivery of first aid.

Part 2 - GMP Auditor Training Manuals 

Auditing Principles for GMP Audit
Apply the auditing techniques referenced in this unit to an actual audit. Understand the reasons for using these techniques, understand and use the auditing components while performing a GMP Audit. Use a range of information tools in support of a GMP Audit. Develop and communicate a complete audit agenda (may also be referred to as audit plan) both to audit team members and the firm/area being audited. Effectively execute an audit agenda, Use generally accepted auditing techniques to conduct the audit. Document and communicate audit findings in a clear, concise report that includes examples of identified deficiencies.

Understanding Worldwide Regulatory Requirements
Determine the appropriate Worldwide Regulatory GMP requirements for a site or product being audited. Identify which Regulatory Agencies govern specific regions of the world. Use a range of information tools in support of a manufactured product distributed and sold throughout the world. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of Worldwide Regulatory GMP requirements based upon the country or region audited. Explain what the relationships are among the Worldwide Regulatory GMP agencies.

Personnel & Training System Audit
Perform an audit of a personnel and training system. Know and understand which of the worldwide requirements apply to personnel and training. Use a range of information tools, including the contents of this module in support of a personnel and training audit. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of regulations pertaining to personnel training requirements.

Deviation Management System Audit
Perform an audit of a deviation management system. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit to support the audit of a deviation management system. Understand and apply appropriate GMP standards/regulations and In-house standards to an audit of a deviation management system. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of deviation management systems to applicable regulations

Validation System Audit
Perform an audit of a validation system (excluding computer systems). Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit to support the audit of a validation system. Understand and apply appropriate GMP standards/regulations to an audit of a validation system. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of a validation system to applicable regulations

Change Management System Audit
Perform an audit of a change management system. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit and the internet to support the audit of a change management system. Understand and apply appropriate GMP standards/regulations to an audit of a change management system. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of a change management system to applicable regulations.

Complaint System Audit
Perform an internal, supplier or contractor audit of a complaint system. Know and understand which of the worldwide requirements apply to managing complaints. Use a range of information tools, including the contents of this module and the Internet in support of a complaint audit. Recognize compliance or non-compliance to regulations pertaining to complaints.

Documentation System Audit
Perform an audit of a documentation system. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit to support the audit of a documentation system. Understand and apply appropriate GMP standards/regulations to an audit of a documentation system. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of documentation systems to applicable regulations.

Calibration, Preventative Maintenance & Housekeeping System Audit
Perform an audit of a calibration, preventive maintenance and housekeeping system. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit and the internet to support the audit of a calibration, preventive maintenance and housekeeping system. Understand and apply appropriate GMP standards/regulations to an audit of a calibration, preventive maintenance and housekeeping system. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of calibration, preventive maintenance and housekeeping systems to applicable regulations.

Computerized Systems Audit
Identify computer systems with GMP implications within the scope of the GMP facility audit Include in the audit an assessment of the computerized systems used to support a GMP facility. Understand and apply applicable GMP requirements to the audit. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of GMP facilities to applicable regulations for computerized systems.

Utility Systems Audit
Perform an audit of a site utilities system. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit and the Internet, in support of auditing a utilities system. Understand and apply applicable GMP standards to an audit of a utilities system recognize compliance or non-compliance of a utility system to applicable regulations.

Warehouse and Distribution System Audit
Perform an audit of warehousing and distribution. Access and understand warehousing and distribution requirements, including licensing requirements. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this module and the Internet, in support of auditing warehousing and distribution. Understand and apply applicable GMP standards/regulations to an audit of warehousing and distribution. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of regulations pertaining to warehousing and distribution requirements.

Environmental Monitoring System Audit
Perform an Environmental Monitoring Audit. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit and the Intranet, to support an Environmental Monitoring Audit. Apply worldwide regulatory agency requirements to Environmental Monitoring. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of regulations regarding Environmental Monitoring requirements.

Microbiology and Sterility Testing Laboratory Audit
Understand what the GMP requirements are for microbiological and sterility testing laboratories. Identify which GMP regulations govern microbiological and sterility testing laboratories. Use a range of information tools, from the contents of this training module to the Intranet, in support of microbiological and sterility testing. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of a microbiological and sterility testing laboratories

Analytical Quality & Stability Testing Laboratory Audit
Understand what the GMP requirements are for the analytical quality laboratory and stability testing laboratory. Identify which GMP regulations govern the analytical quality laboratory. Use a range of information tools, from the contents of this training in support of analytical testing and stability testing auditing. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of analytical quality laboratory and stability testing.

Material Handling System Audit
Perform an audit of a material handling system. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit to support the audit of a material handling system. Understand and apply appropriate GMP standards/regulations to an audit of a material handling system. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of material handling systems to applicable regulations.

Active API Manufacturer Audit
Perform an audit of an API manufacturer. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this module and the Internet in support of auditing an API module. Understand and apply applicable GMP standards to an audit of an API manufacturer. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of API manufacturers to applicable regulations.

Packaging Material Supplier Audit
Perform a packaging component supplier audit. Understand which worldwide requirements apply to packaging component suppliers. Use a range of information tools, including the contents of this module, in support of a packaging component supplier audit. Recognize compliance or non-compliance with regulations pertaining to packaging component supplier’s requirements.

Packaging and Labeling Operation Audit
Perform a packaging and labeling audit. Know and understand which of the worldwide requirements apply to packaging and labeling operations. Use a range of information tools, including the contents of this module to the Intranet, in support of a packaging and labeling audit. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of regulations pertaining to packaging and labeling requirements.

Aseptic Sterile  Area Audit
Perform an audit of an aseptic/sterile processing area. Access and understand aseptic/sterile manufacturing requirements. Understand worldwide regulatory agency requirements for aseptic/sterile processing. Use a range of information tools, from the contents of this module to the Intranet in support of an aseptic/sterile processing audit. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of areas to regulations pertaining to aseptic/sterile processing requirements.

Excipient Supplier Audit
Perform an audit of an excipient vendor. Use a range of tools and information, including the contents of this unit and the Internet, in support of auditing an excipient vendor. Understand and apply applicable GMP standards and site standards to an audit of an excipient vendor. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of excipient vendors to applicable regulations.

Oral Solid Solution Area Audit
Apply the regulatory requirements related to oral dosage forms. Perform an audit of oral dosage forms. Use a range of information tools, from the contents of this unit to the Intranet in support of an audit of oral dosage forms. Recognize compliance or non-compliance of regulations pertaining to requirements for oral dosage forms.

Part 3 - GMP Manuals   
3.1 - Quality Manuals

Evaluation of Contaminant Options for Packing of Solid Dosage Forms(same as QMS MANUAL- 003)
This guideline is designed to assist decisions on how to appropriately accommodate the packing of solid dosage forms starting from bulk-packed tablet product through to the finished pack for shipping.  The focus of this document is on the technical issues that must be addressed.

Retention and Disposal of GMP Documents and Retention Samples(same as QMS MANUAL- 005)
The purpose of this procedure is to describe the minimum requirements for the retention of samples and documents under GMP and Medical Device regulations/legislation.  Local legislative and regulatory requirements which may require retention of increased sample quantities or longer retention periods, take precedence over this procedure.

Certificate of Materials Supplied to Manufacturing Site(same as QMS MANUAL- 007)
This guideline aims to define the processes for certification of materials provided by suppliers including the requirements for maintaining materials in a “certified“ status for use.

Quality Assurance Agreements(same as QMS MANUAL- 010)
The purpose of this Guideline is to define the general requirements and provide guidance for Quality Agreements for the development, manufacture, testing, storage and distribution of intermediates, active pharmaceutical ingredients and investigational products destined for use in pre-clinical, clinical and other Research and Development studies.

Procedure for Quality Assurance Management of Contractors(same as QMS MANUAL- 011)
The purpose of this Procedure is to describe the requirements for the quality management of contractors; to describe the role of contract giver sites in this context and to provide a model for the development of Quality Assurance Agreements with Contractors

Guidelines for Regulatory Inspections(same as QMS MANUAL- 017)
To provide the minimum mandatory requirements for notification, conduct, reporting and follow-up action associated with inspections by regulatory authorities and also to outline recommendations on how to achieve compliance. 

Quality and Compliance Auditing(same as QMS MANUAL- 018)
The purpose of this guideline is to define the concept of Quality and Compliance Auditing within the system of quality management and outline the roles and responsibilities for planning, performing, reporting and follow-up of audits.

Auditor Training(same as QMS MANUAL- 014)
To provide minimum mandatory requirements and outline best practice for ensuring that company auditors have a common baseline of training and experience in order to carry out GMP Quality and Compliance Audits of company suppliers and internal audits of their own sites.

GMP Compliance Improvements Planssame as QMS MANUAL- 029)
The purpose of this document is to provide some requirements as well as some recommendations for the development, content and management of Compliance Improvement Plans (CIPs).

Archiving, Disposal and Record Management(same as QMS MANUAL- 030)
The purpose of this document is to provide management and technical personnel with requirements as well as guidance on the archiving, records management and disposal of data and information.  

Internal Quality Assurance Agreements(same as QMS MANUAL- 044)
The purpose of this procedure is to describe the process for Quality Assurance (QA) Agreement regarding the supply of active pharmaceutical ingredients, bulk formulated products, part finished packs and finished packs to be followed by a pharmaceutical operation.

Audit of a Distribution Site(same as QMS MANUAL- 045)
This Procedure defines the procedure for performing Distribution Site audits and includes selecting, preparing for, conducting, reporting and documentation archiving of Distribution Site audits. 

Supplier Auditing of GMP Facility Guidelines (same as QMS MANUAL- 046)
This manual is to provide guidance on assigning Lead Audit Team/Site responsibilities, establishing an external supplier’s audit program, and the high level principles involved inconducting supplier audits.

Management of Master GMP Document(same as QMS MANUAL- 047)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide the regulatory requirements for the management of master GMP documents; issued, controlled and used to verify compliance with required codes of GMP and/or other relevant Quality and Compliance Standards. Recommendations are also included on how to achieve compliance

Artwork Creation & Control of Printed Packaging Components(same as QMS MANUAL- 048)
The purpose of this Guideline is to describe the way in which artworks and printed package components should be created and controlled.

Release of API Bulk Formulated Products & Part Finished Packs(same as QMS MANUAL- 049)
The purpose of this guideline is to define the requirements for assessment of data and documentation prior to release

Computerized Systems Risk Management(same as QMS MANUAL- 050)
To define the requirements for the application of risk management principles to computerized systems.

Batch Confirmation Certification & Release by a Qualified Person(same as QMS MANUAL- 056)
The purpose of this procedure is to describe the accountabilities and single process for the batch confirmation, certification and release by a Qualified Person
(QP) within the European Union (EU).

Cross Contamination Risk Evaluation Process for Commercial Compounds(same as QMS MANUAL- 057)
The purpose of this Guideline is to describe the process in place to ensure that drug products and drug substances are manufactured in a manner that minimizes patient risk through adulteration from products manufactured in the same manufacturing plant or facility.

Certificate of Analysis & Certificate of Manufacture(same as QMS MANUAL- 062)
The purpose of this guideline is to define the content of Batch Specific Documentation (BSD), the process by which BSD is produced and the use to which it is put.  BSD in this context refers to the Certificate of Analysis, (CofA) and the Certificate of Manufacture (CofM).

Annual Product Quality Reviews(same as QMS MANUAL- 022)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide requirements for the content, scope and procedures for developing Annual Product Reviews and Product Quality Reviews, and also to outline recommendations on how to achieve compliance.

Warehousing and Distribution of Commercial Products(same as QMS MANUAL- 024)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide guidance on the warehousing and distribution of commercial products.

Utility Standards(same as QMS MANUAL- 033)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide guidance on the design and specification of utilities associated with the manufacture, quality control and storage of API, intermediates and investigational products within an R&D facility.

Conducting Investigations(same as QMS MANUAL- 034)
To provide requirements in addition to recommendations for the performance of investigations in response to an incident, problem or deviation that may affect the safety, identity, strength, purity or quality of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) or drug product.

Management and Documentation of Training(same as QMS MANUAL- 037)
To provide requirements for management and documentation of training and also to outline recommendations on how the requirements can be met.

Definition and Documentation of Raw Data(same as QMS MANUAL- 038)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide requirements in the definition and documentation of raw data and also to outline recommendations on how to achieve compliance.

Risk Management in the Quality Assurance and Compliance Area(same as QMS MANUAL- 041)
The purpose of this document is to give guidance on a process for risk identification, assessment, control and review within the area of GxP regulated quality and compliance. 

Manufacturing Deviation Management(same as QMS MANUAL- 052)
The purpose of this guideline is to outline the requirements for the reporting, investigation and handling of individual deviations, and to outline a systemati approach for the trending of deviations, to enable ongoing improvement in deviation performance.

Study Based GLP QA Audit for Critical Phases(same as QMS MANUAL- 053)
To define the process to be used for the frequency and audit of critical phases within a non-clinical safety study. This procedure may be applicable for all R&D GLP QA staff and will be used in the compilation of a program to identify audits to be undertaken for non-clinical safety studies and study parts for which compliance with GLP is claimed.

Guideline for Development and Contents of Specifications(same as QMS MANUAL- 060)
The purpose of this guideline is to describe the process for generation, approval and management within R&D of specifications for release of materials used in clinical trials during drug development. It also gives guidance on the contents of such specifications for drug substance, several common types of investigational medicinal products and excipients.

Manufacture, Packing and Shipping of Materials Ahead of Full QA Clearance(same as QMS MANUAL- 064)
The purpose of this International Procedure is to describe the process for the manufacture, packing and/or shipping material ahead of clearance. This Procedure can be applicable to any manufacturing Operations sites that is using, packing and/or shipping materials ahead of clearance.

Determination of Storage Periods for APIs, Excipients, Intermediates and Raw Materials(same as QMS MANUAL- 065)
The purpose of this Procedure is to define the requirements for the retesting and assignment of storage periods for API’s, excipients, intermediates and raw materials.

Guidelines for Generating Manufacturing Documentations(same as MFG MANUAL - 003)
This document provides guidelines for the way in which the commercial manufacture and packaging of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) and formulated drug products should be documented.

Electronic Records and Electronic Signatures(same as QMS MANUAL- 067)
The purpose of this document is to provide an interpretation of FDA 21 CFR Part 11, Electronic Records; Electronic Signatures (ER/ES) and to provide guidance for
acceptable practices in the use of electronic records and electronic signatures by any site.


3.2 - Validation Manuals

The Preparation of Process Validation Master Plan(same as VAL MANUAL- 001)
This procedure covers the planning of validation activities related to the manufacturing and control of the registered stages of Drug Product or Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) for clinical use, validation or sale.

Process Validation of Bulk Drug (API and Intermediate)(same as VAL MANUAL- 005)
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on the validation of processes for the manufacture of bulk drug i.e. those synthetic stages from introduction of the defined API Starting Materials into the process up to and including the physical processing of the API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient). Validation should extend to those operations determined to be critical to the quality and purity of the API. The validation of stages prior to the API Starting Materials is not mandatory.  A risk assessment may deem it necessary. 

Process Validation for Formulated Products(same as VAL MANUAL- 009)
The purpose of this document is to provide minimum mandatory requirements in the validation of processes for the commercial manufacture of formulated products to demonstrate the effectiveness and reproducibility of a process and being suitable for the intended purpose. The purpose is also to outline recommendation on how to achieve compliance.

Cleaning and Cleaning Validation of API Plant and Equipment(same as VAL MANUAL- 013)
The purpose of this guideline is: To define the requirements for cleaning plant and equipment used to manufacture active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) or their intermediates; To give guidance on how to assure appropriate cleaning of API plants and equipment; To describe when validation is applicable and what must be done to complete validation.

Sterilization Process Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 016)
To provide guidelines for the validation of sterilization processes used in the manufacturing activities for drug products or active Pharmaceutical ingredients (API) and also to outline recommendations on how to achieve compliance.

Cleaning and Cleaning Validation For Formulated Products(same as VAL MANUAL- 019)
The Purpose of this guideline is to define the minimum requirements for cleaning and validation of cleaning processes for formulated product.  It also covers post validation monitoring of the effectiveness of cleaning processes.

Analytical Laboratory Procedure Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 024)
The purpose of this guideline is to outline the content and approval process for analytical procedures, and to describe those activities that should be carried out to demonstrate that analytical procedures used in laboratories within R&D and manufacturing operations are suitable for their intended purpose.

The Validation of Facilities and Systems(same as VAL MANUAL- 028)
The purpose of this guideline is to provide requirements for the Validation of Facilities and Systems and to outline recommendations on how to achieve compliance.

Information Technology Infrastructure Qualification(same as VAL MANUAL- 036)
This Guideline provides guidance on the qualification requirements to be applied to the Information Technology infrastructure. The establishment and maintenance of a qualified infrastructure for any regulated company is fundamental to meeting current business and regulatory requirements in respect of systems stability, reliability and security.

Management of Change in Computerised System(same as VAL MANUAL- 040)
The purpose of this Guideline is to define and provide guidance on the requirements for managing and documenting changes which take place during the development, implementation or operation of a computerized system, including its supporting operating environment.

Access by Regulatory Authorities and Auditors to Electronic Records(same as VAL MANUAL- 045)
The purpose of this Guideline is to advise on the practices to be adopted when wishing or requested, to display or provide copies of electronic records to regulatory authorities, auditors and other similar third parties.

Technology Transfer of Established Medicine from One Commercial Site to Other(same as VAL MANUAL- 031)
To describe a process for the transfer of manufacture of an established drug product, from one established commercial manufacturing site to additional/alternative sites. This will include the associated quality control procedures and health safety and environmental information. 


3.3 - Laboratory Manuals

Water Quality Standard(same as LAB MANUAL - 003)
To describe the quality standards required for the production, distribution, use and testing of water used in the manufacture of manufactured materials.

Sterility Testing Procedure(same as LAB MANUAL - 005)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide a general guideline for sterility testing. This guideline should aid in assuring that the products manufactured at the company’s sites as well as by a contract manufacturers meet the appropriate regulatory and company requirements and that there is a harmonized, company-wide approach to the concept of sterility testing.

Endotoxin Testing Procedure(same as LAB MANUAL - 006)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide a general guideline for endotoxin testing. The guideline should aid in assuring that the products manufactured at any of the company sites as well as by a contract manufacturer meet the appropriate regulatory and company requirements and that there is a harmonized, company-wide approach to the concept of endotoxin testing. 

Guideline for Stability Testing for R&D(same as LAB MANUAL - 007)
The purpose of this document is to provide recommendations for performing and documenting stability studies within R&D.  Deviations from the recommended practice may be made providing: The scientific rationale can be justified against regulatory requirements and expectations, There is no precedent that the scientific rationale will be unacceptable to regulatory authorities, For formal stability studies, the deviations and scientific rationale justifying them, do not conflict with, or undermine the validity of stability studies on similar commercial product types, particularly those belonging to the same therapeutic area.

Storage and Expiry Dating of Analytical Reagents in Laboratory(same as LAB MANUAL - 009)
The purpose of this Guideline is to outline the requirements in the expiration dating of all analytical reagents and solutions prepared from these reagents.  Recommendations are also included on how to achieve compliance. 

Preparation & Maintenance of Stability Protocols and Stability Master Plans(same as LAB MANUAL - 010)
The purpose of this document is to describe the procedure for the preparation and management of Stability Protocols and Stability Master Plans for marketed products and Drug Substances.

Commercial Stability Testing of API (Pure Bulk Drug)(same as LAB MANUAL - 012)
he intent of this procedure is to provide the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) Manufacturing Sites with the principles of a stability program. 

Commercial Stability Studies at Contractors(same as LAB MANUAL - 013)
The purpose of this procedure is to describe how stability studies carried out at contractors shall be managed.

Microbiological Testing for Non Sterile Drug Product(same as LAB MANUAL - 016)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide guidance for the microbiological testing of non-sterile products.  This guideline should aid in assuring that the products manufactured at each of the gmp sites as well as by a contract manufacturer should meet the appropriate regulatory and company requirements and that there is a standardized, company-wide approach to the basic concept of microbiological quality control of non-sterile products.

Reference & Retention Samples(same as LAB MANUAL - 017)
The purpose of this guideline is to describe the requirements for the sampling and storage of reference and retention samples under GMP regulations/legislation. Local regulatory requirements that require the retention of additional samples, increased sample quantities or longer retention periods, take precedence over this guideline.

Laboratory Equipment Qualification(same as LAB MANUAL - 018)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide guidance on qualification of laboratory equipment within R&D.

Manufacture and Microbiological Testing of Sterile API & Drug Product Within R&D(same as LAB MANUAL - 020)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide guidance on the manufacture and microbiological testing of sterile Investigational Medicinal Products (IMP) and
Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API).

Commercial Stability Testing  For Formulated Products(same as LAB MANUAL - 022)
The intent of this procedure is to provide to manufacturing and primary packaging sites the principles of a stability program.

Environmental Monitoring(same as LAB MANUAL - 001)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide requirements for environmental monitoring. This guideline provides recommendations on how to achieve compliance with the requirements. This guideline will aid in assuring that the commercial and investigational medicinal products manufactured will meet the appropriate regulatory and company requirements.

Trending of Stability Data(same as LAB MANUAL - 024)
The purpose of this international guideline is to outline minimum mandatory requirements as well as recommendations for the identification and reaction to trends found in stability data

Laboratory Out of Specifications Results Investigation Procedure(same as LAB MANUAL - 026)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide guidance for the investigation and response to Out of Specification (OOS) laboratory test results.

Analytical Laboratory Procedures and Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 024)
The purpose of this guideline is to outline the content and approval process for analytical procedures and to describe those activities that should be carried out to
demonstrate that analytical procedures used in GMP laboratories are suitable for their intended purpose.


3.4 - Operation Manuals

Manufacturing Documentation(same as MFG MANUAL - 003)
This document provides guidelines for the way in which the commercial manufacture and packaging of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) and formulated drug products should be documented.

Maintenance and Calibration of GMP Critical Items in Manufacturing Operations(same as MFG MANUAL - 007)
The purpose of this guideline is to define the general requirements and to provide guidance for the calibration and maintenance of instruments, equipment, facilities, utilities/services and systems.

Retreatment and Blending of API & Formulated Product(same as MFG MANUAL - 014)
The purpose of this guideline is to provide guidance regarding the reworking, reprocessing or recovery (salvaging) of formulated products, active pharmaceutical ingredients (API’s) and intermediates used in the processing of APIs.

In-Process Testing, Checks and Sampling(same as MFG MANUAL - 018)
The purpose of this International Guideline is to describe the requirements for in-process testing and sampling during manufacture and packing.

Management of Returned Goods(same as MFG MANUAL - 022)
The purpose of this International Guideline is to describe the principle of handling the quality assessment and recovery of returned goods.

Receipt Handling and Storage of Starting & Packaging Materials(same as MFG MANUAL - 024)
The purpose of this Guideline is to describe the receipt, handling and storage of starting materials and packaging materials. The handling also includes sampling.

Control of Packaging Operation(same as MFG MANUAL - 026)
The purpose of this guideline is to describe the way that packaging operations should be conducted.

Requirements of Facilities For Sterile and Non-sterile  Drug Manufacturing(same as MFG MANUAL - 028)
The purpose of this Guideline is to describe the requirements for meeting current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) compliance requirements for new and upgraded facilities to be used for the manufacturing of any sterile and non sterile product. The Guideline also aims to provide recommendations on how to achieve compliance with the requirements. 

Labeling and Packaging of Investigational Medicinal Products and APIs(same as MFG MANUAL - 031)
The purpose of this Guideline is to provide guidance in the GMP requirements for the labeling and packaging of investigational materials at all stages of manufacturing and packaging

Principles and Responsibilities for The Management of Change in Manufacturing Operations(same as MFG MANUAL - 034)
The purpose of this procedure is to define the principles for management of change within Operations. This document may applies to the Change Management process, to Regulatory Affairs, CMC and to all cGMP activities performed by an Operation sites. It applies to all facilities, processes, systems and procedures used during manufacture, testing and distribution that may directly or indirectly affect the quality of pharmaceuticals products
 
Part 4 - Good Working Practice
 

Practice 4.1: Good Practice on Facilities and Equipments
Equipment Cleaning for Drug Products; Identification of Equipment Areas and Processes Equipment Cleaning for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs); Calibration; Preventative Maintenance; Cleaning and Sterilization of Aseptic Manufacturing Equipment; Areas and Facilities Cleaning and Maintenance; Pest Control; Water Purification, Storage, and Distribution for Pharmaceutical Production; Air Handling Systems & Air Classifications for Aseptic Operations; Clean Steam Systems; Aseptic Area Environmental Control.


Practice 4.2: Good Practice on Material Management
Reevaluation of Stored Materials; Disposal of rejected and waste material; Material Status Indication; Material Supplier Approval; Raw Materials and Packaging Materials – Receipt; Sampling of Production Materials and Finished Goods; Storage and Distribution of Drug Products, Medical Devices, and Related Materials; Subdividing Dispensing & Transferring Materials to Production Areas; Quarantine Shipment.


Practice 4.3: Good Practice on Labelling and Packaging
Instructions for Filling, Labeling and Packaging Pharmaceutical Drug Products and API's for Commercial Purposes; Creation, Revision, and Approval for Artwork Used on Packaging Components; Receipt, Approval, and Use of Labels and Labeling; Container Closure Integrity for Sterile Drug Products; Packaging System Integrity for Sterile Medical Devices.


Practice 4.4: Good Practice on Manufacturing Operations
Inspecting for Manufacturing and Packaging Defects-Aseptic; Instructions for Manufacture of APIs and Drug Products; Uniform Practices for Manufacturing Operations; Personnel Qualification Program for Aseptic Processing Areas and Preparation for Aseptic Areas; Aseptic Processing Facility Environmental Monitoring; Use and Recovery of Solvents in API Manufacturing; Metal Detection; Weighing and Measuring Practices in Manufacturing Operations; Gamma Radiation Sterilization; Preventing Cross Contamination; Control of Manufacturing and Packaging Defects Non-Sterile; Sterilization/Depyrogenation;Validation: Non-Product; Gowning Practices for Aseptic Processing Areas and Preparation for Aseptic Areas; Cleaning Depyrogenation and Sterilization of Containers and Closures; Sterilizing Filters and Filtration Systems; Moist Heat Terminal Sterilization of Aqueous Parenteral Products; Media Fills for Sterile Drug Products and Aseptically Processed Medical Devices; Batch and Lot Identification; Aseptic Manufacturing Practices.


Practice 4.5: Good Practice on Laboratory Management
Analytical Laboratory Investigations; Foreign Matter Control, Testing and Inspecting of Sterile Products; Evaluation and Investigation of Trace Unidentified Chromatographic Peaks; Laboratory Documentation; Laboratory Management; Stability Testing; Sterility and Bacterial Endotoxin Testing; Sterility Test Isolators; Transfer of Analytical Methods; Use and Control of Laboratory Reagents and Reference Standards; Verification of Compendial Analytical Methodology; Microbiology Laboratory Investigations.


Practice 4.6: Good Practice on Validation Requirements
Biological Test Methods Validation; Analytical Methods Validation

GMP SOP Logo
5.2 - Quality Management Guidance   

Product Quality Complaint Handling(same as QMS MANUAL- 002)
This Complaint Handling guidance defines practices for establishing and maintaining a product quality complaint handling system, and for monitoring and reporting corrective actions based on the findings

Application of Quality Risk Management to Periodic Review of SOPs(same as QMS MANUAL- 004)
Application of Quality Risk Management to Periodic Review of SOPs is intended to provide a tool for determining the optimal review frequency that will ensure those SOPs which relate to GMP systems or processes and therefore bear the greatest potential for impact on product quality are reviewed/revised in a timely and possibly more frequent manner than those which are determined to be less critical or reflect stable processes.

Statistical Rationale for Raw Material Sampling(same as QMS MANUAL- 006)
The practice of using the √N+1 as a rule for sample size is common in the pharmaceutical industry.

Quality Risk Management Application Critical Instrument Calibration(same as QMS MANUAL- 008)
This document offers a risk assessment approach to document a critical instrument calibration interval change request.

Structured On-the-Job Training System(same as QMS MANUAL- 012)
This document discusses considerations for a site Structured On-the-Job Training system including GMP tasks and knowledge necessary to perform those tasks.

Training system for Aseptic Operators and Support Staff(same as QMS MANUAL- 013)
This document discusses considerations for a robust training system for those working in or in support of a preparation for aseptic processing area.

Disposal of Rejected and Waste Materials(same as QMS MANUAL- 016)
This document provides guidance for the handling, collecting and disposing of waste materials.

Quality Assurance Self-Appraisals(same as QMS MANUAL- 019)
This document provides guidance in the conduct of Quality Assurance Audits to verify and assure the effectiveness of on-going quality systems, practices and programs and to identify potential procedural gaps or system weaknesses at Manufacturing Production and logistic Sites.

Material Status Indication(same as QMS MANUAL- 020)
This document provides guidance on status control of the following materials: Raw Materials (RM); Starting Materials; Packaging Materials including labeling; In-Process Materials; Drug Products; Intermediates; Medical Devices; Components; Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API); Returned Goods, including Recalled product; Materials determined to be Acceptable for Rework/Reclaim; Rejected Materials; and Materials with Direct or Potential Indirect Product Contact, including cleaning materials and other items.

Annual Product Records Review(same as QMS MANUAL- 021)
This document provides guidance in the performance of annual product record reviews to evaluate data and trending to: Verify consistency of the process; Identify the need to modify specifications, and Identify any preventive or corrective actions that would lead to product quality improvements.

Receipt, Approval and Use of Labels and Labeling(same as QMS MANUAL- 023)
This document provides guidance on the printing, receipt, storage, use and reconciliation of product labels and labeling for active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), medical devices, and drug products.

Weighing and Measuring Practices In Manufacturing Operations(same as QMS MANUAL- 025)
This document provides guidance in the weighing and measuring of materials used in the manufacture of drug products, active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), medical devices, and intermediates.

Material Supplier Approval(same as QMS MANUAL- 026)
This document provides guidance in the process for identifying suppliers to be audited and the process for conducting and documenting such audits and approving suppliers.

Storage & Distribution of Drug Products, Medical Devices and Related Materials(same as QMS MANUAL- 027)
This document provides guidance the storage and distribution requirements for Drug Products, Medical Devices and related Production Materials from a GMP Site or Logistics Centers, and/or transported between manufacturing and Logistic Sites.

Control of Manufacturing and Packaging Defects Non Sterile(same as QMS MANUAL- 031)
This document provides guidance on the inspection of non-sterile drug products and non-sterile medical devices for manufacturing and packaging defects.

Pest Control(same as QMS MANUAL- 032)
This document provides guidance in the implementation and maintenance of pest control program for buildings and facilities at a GMP Site and Logistics Centers that are used for production, testing, or storage of pharmaceutical ingredients.

Raw Materials and Packaging Materials Receipt(same as QMS MANUAL- 035)
This document provides guidance for receipt and storage of raw materials (RM), components, and packaging materials used in the manufacture and packaging of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), drug products, and medical devices.

Sampling of Production Materials and Finished Goods(same as QMS MANUAL- 036)
This document provides guidance for a sampling program for Raw Materials (RM), Starting Materials, Packaging Materials, Labeling, In-Process Materials, Intermediates, Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API), Drug Products, Biologics, Medical Devices, Medical Device Components and Materials with Direct or Potential Product Contact.

Water Purification, Storage and Distribution For Pharmaceutical Production(same as QMS MANUAL- 039)
This document provides guidance for the purification, storage and distribution of water used for Production including water used for cleaning of product contact equipment, containers, and closures.

Use of a Risk-Based Approach To Establish External Quality Assurance Audit Frequency(same as QMS MANUAL- 040)
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for GMP Quality Audits stakeholder’s responsibility to utilize a risk-based approach for determining External Quality Assurance Audit prioritization and frequencies.

Reduced Testing Program(same as QMS MANUAL- 042)
This guidance document defines a science and risk-based approach for the evaluation and implementation of a reduced testing program for the release of starting materials, intermediates, APIs, excipients and packaging components at a GMP user site upon receipt from vendors (manufacturer/supplier).

GMP Training System(same as QMS MANUAL- 015)
This document discusses considerations for site GMP Training systems including training on regulations, GMP concepts, GMP tasks and knowledge necessary to perform those tasks.

Stability Testing(same as QMS MANUAL- 043)
This document provides guidance for the stability testing for drug products, consumer non-drug products (e.g., cosmetics), Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API), API Intermediates for Sale and medical devices manufactured at GMP facilities.

Quality Risk Management Application to Identify Deviations vs. Events(same as QMS MANUAL- 051)
Often times, deviations that occur during the handling, manufacturing, testing or distribution of materials/products have little or no impact on product quality or to its registration filing. The purpose of this guidance is to provide a process for assessing if a deviation does or does not impact the product quality or its filing through the use of a Quality Risk management tool.

Implementation of Real Time Release(same as QMS MANUAL- 054)
This document provides practical guidance on how to implement a Real Time Release (RTR) testing approach as part of a manufacturing control strategy to ensure product quality while enabling the rapid release of API, intermediate and/or finished products.

Preventative Maintenance(same as QMS MANUAL- 055)
This document provides guidance in for Preventive Maintenance of direct impact systems and associated critical components used in production, storage, and testing that may affect the safety, identity, strength, quality, or purity of active pharmaceutical ingredients, drug products, drug product raw materials, API starting materials, critical in-process materials, critical intermediates, biologics, or medical devices.

Calibration(same as QMS MANUAL- 058)
This document provides guidance for the calibration of equipment, instruments, and standards used in production, storage and testing that may affect the identity, strength, quality or purity of Pharmaceutical drug products, active pharmaceutical ingredients and medical devices.

Evaluation Process Supporting Elimination of Defined Shipment Temperature Range(same as QMS MANUAL- 059)
This document provides the scientific and risk management assessment process to support the evaluation and, where appropriate, discontinuation of solid oral dosage form shipment under defined temperature range conditions, dependent upon the results of individual product analyses.

Determining Testing Patterns and Acceptance Criteria for Analytical Method Transfers(same as QMS MANUAL- 063)
This document provides guidance for setting experimental testing patterns and acceptance criteria for Analytical Method Transfer Exercises. This document provides guidance to GLP sites in identifying lots and number of samples for testing, setting appropriate acceptance criteria for conducting transfers.

Quality Risk Management to Establishment of Weighing Device Performance Testing Intervals(same as QMS MANUAL- 066)
Application of Quality Risk Management to performance checks for weighing devices such as balances and scales is intended to provide a tool for determining the acceptability of decreasing the frequency of verifying the performance of a weighing device from the current frequency (e.g. daily) to an alternative schedule.

Analytical Laboratory Management(same as LAB MANUAL - 002)
This document provides guidance for the management of analytical laboratories including the following: Personnel training; Proper handling of samples; Hazardous materials; Control and maintenance of reagents, reference standards, and buffers; Laboratory facilities and equipment; and Documentation and control of test results.

Microbiology Laboratory Management(same as LAB MANUAL - 004)
This document provides guidance for the management of microbiology laboratories including the following Proper handling of samples; Control and maintenance of reagents, reference standards, buffers, microbial cultures, and microbiological culture media; Monitoring and control of the microbiology laboratory environment; Calibration and maintenance of laboratory equipment; and Documentation and control of microbiological test results.

Transfer of Analytical Methods(same as LAB MANUAL - 008)
This document provides guidance for establishing a documented process for the transfer of analytical methods, microbiological and/or bioanalytical methods.

Quality Agreements(same as QMS MANUAL- 009)
Quality Agreement – a document between buyer site and a contractor or supplier of material which defines the roles and responsibilities for Quality related functions of the two partiesThis document provides general guidance to site Quality Teams responsible for writing, revision and maintenance of Quality Agreements with suppliers of materials.

Systems Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 050)
This document provides guidance in the validation of systems (facilities, utilities, and equipment, including process control systems, and information systems), that support regulatory compliance – practices, validated processes and/or systems used in the production or storage and distribution of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API),  intermediates (subsequent to the introduction of the API starting materials), drug products, medical devices or biologics.

Metal Detection(same as MFG MANUAL - 004)
This document provides guidance in the installation, use and maintenance of metal detectors in Pharmaceutical and Animal Health solid oral dosage form drug products and medical devices that by design do not contain metal components.

Hose Management(same as MFG MANUAL - 005)
What minimum standards should be considered by an API manufacturing site for the storage, handling and cleaning of hoses used during cleaning or production of Intermediates or final Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs)?

Use of Process Analytical Technology in Process Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 062)
This document provides examples of the possible use of Process Analytical Technology (PAT) systems during traditional process validation to demonstrate that a manufacturing process is in a validated state. This guidance is supplemental to guidance ‘Process Validation for Drug Products and Medical Devices’ and ‘Process Validation for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API)’.

Implementation of Process Analytical Technology (same as VAL MANUAL- 051)
The extent of verification testing (incorporating commissioning and qualification), method validation and approach to deviation investigation will depend on the
outcome of the risk assessment and should be commensurate with the risk associated with the both the use of the PAT application and the data generated as result of application use.

Validation of Process Analytical Technology System(same as VAL MANUAL- 052)  
This document provides guidance for validation of PAT systems to assure compliance for PAT applications which can be implemented at a GMP site. The scope of this guidance includes PAT systems used in both Drug Product and Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) manufacturing.



5.3 - Aseptic Processing Area Guidance

Alternatives to Formaldehyde Fogging of Clean Rooms(same as MFG MANUAL - 006)
Alternatives to formaldehyde fogging include the use of liquid sanitizers or fogging with an alternate chemical sterilant such as chlorine dioxide, vapor-phase hydrogen peroxide, or atomized peroxyacetic acid-hydrogen peroxide. For biological facilities where viral contamination is a concern, it may be a regulatory expectation to decontaminate via fogging with some frequency.

Clean Steam Systems(same as MFG MANUAL - 008)
This document provides guidance for clean steam used in aseptic applications, and applications where the steam or condensate directly contacts products or materials, or direct product contact surfaces (i.e., equipment, containers, closures).

Cleaning and Sterilization of Aseptic Manufacturing Equipment(same as MFG MANUAL - 009)
This document provides guidance in the cleaning and sterilization of aseptic manufacturing equipment to minimize the risk of particulate and microbiological contamination.

Container Closure Integrity for Sterile Drug Products(same as MFG MANUAL - 010)
This document provides guidance for ensuring that the integrity of the container closure system will protect the product over its shelf life.

Controlling the Microbiological Quality of Solid Oral Dosage Forms(same as LAB MANUAL - 011)
To control the microbial quality of a non-sterile Solid Oral Dosage form, it is recommended to perform a risk assessment of the manufacturing process to identify potential sources of microbial contamination. The intention of this document is to provide guidance to determine and control these sources of microbial contamination.

Defining Worst Case Conditions for Aseptic Process Simulations(same as MFG MANUAL - 011)
Aseptic process simulation tests (e.g. media fills) “are used extensively and are recognized as an effective way to validate aseptic filling” processes for the purpose of complying with regulatory GMP expectations. A media fill begins at the point where the final sterilization of the product takes place (i.e. where aseptic operations are performed) through the completion of filling operations with the sealing of the filled containers.

Explanation of Repeat Testing and Retesting Utilized During Microbiological OOS Investigations(same as LAB MANUAL - 015)
During a laboratory investigation, confusion may arise as to the difference between these terms and their overall purpose. This document provides a more detailed explanation of these differences and the individual importance of these tools during a microbiological OOS laboratory investigation.

Gamma Radiation Sterilization(same as MFG MANUAL - 012)
This document provides guidance for validation of gamma radiation sterilization processes used to sterilize active pharmaceutical ingredients, drug products, medical devices and non-product items, such as, APA gowning articles, containers, and closures with direct or potential contact with sterile raw materials, APIs, drug products or medical devices.

Lyophilization(same as MFG MANUAL - 013)
This document provides guidance for design, operation, and commissioning or qualification of lyophilizers and the validation of lyophilization processes.

Lyophilizer Loading and Unloading Recommendations(same as MFG MANUAL - 015)
This guidance should address questions raised by lyophilization (freeze drying) facilities involving in using of automated loading and unloading systems for new lyophilizer installations. The options described in this guidance assume the use of such an automated system.

Microbial Attributes Testing of Non-Sterile Solid Oral Dosage Forms and Materials(same as LAB MANUAL - 028)
The intention of this document is to provide guidance to determine the need for performing microbial attributes testing of drug product raw materials, non-sterile excipients, active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), and finished drug products. This guidance is recommended in order to ensure the microbiological quality of any non-sterile solid oral dosage form.
 
Microbiological Testing in Cleaning Validation for APIs and Drug Products(same as LAB MANUAL - 021)
This document describes the rationale and recommended microbiological methodology for consideration during cleaning validation of product contact surfaces for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients and drug products.

Overview of Trending of Environmental Monitoring Data for Aseptic Processing Areas(same as LAB MANUAL - 023)
This guidance establishes the need for trending of environmental monitoring data and gives recommendations on aspects of trending such as categorization of data, frequency of trending, trend definition, and content of trend reports.

Packaging System Integrity for Sterile Medical Devices(same as MFG MANUAL - 016)
This document provides guidance for determining the suitability of packaging materials and the evaluation and testing of the integrity of packaging systems for sterile Medical Devices manufactured and/or packaged by GMP sites.

Preventing Cross Contamination(same as MFG MANUAL - 017)
This document provides guidance for the prevention of cross contamination in production processes, warehousing, material transfer, and distribution.

Prevention and Control of Fungal Contamination in Tablets(same as MFG MANUAL - 019)
What steps can be taken to prevent and control of fungal contamination in tablets? The presence of water is the key element in the growth of fungal contamination. This document discusses the prevention and control of fungal contamination in tablets production to include: raw material and API testing, manufacturing processes, environmental monitoring, and final product testing.

Sanitant Rotation in a Routine Sanitization Program(same as MFG MANUAL - 020)
What are the expectations for industry for the inclusion of different sanitization agents within a routine sanitization program? Additionally, are there tangible benefits to routinely rotating sanitization agents? Finally, how is sanitant performance defined?

Sterilization or Depyrogenation Validation - Non Product(same as MFG MANUAL - 021)
This procedure provides guidance for validating sterilization and depyrogenation of equipment and containers and closures with direct or potential contact with sterile medical devices, sterile drug products or sterile active pharmaceutical ingredients.

Unplanned Cleanroom Power Outage Time Limit and Recovery Determinations for Aseptic Processing Areas(same as MFG MANUAL - 023)
How can the time between a cleanroom power outage and loss of environmental control in the critical area be determined? Once the power is restored, how can the time it takes to recover the desired environmental conditions be determined? An interruption of power supply to the HVAC systems may produce a “loss of control” which can be defined as a breech in the integrity of the controlled areas in sterile manufacturing.

Use of Sterilized Goggles Within the Aseptic Processing Area(same as MFG MANUAL - 025)
This document will discuss the requirement for goggle use within Aseptic Processing Areas (APA) as well as products and processes that are available to assist sites in complying with established requirements. Suggested elements of a sterile goggle program are also considered.

Water Activity - What Is It and How Does It Apply To Pharmaceutical Manufacturing(same as MFG MANUAL - 027)
This document discusses the basic principles of water activity and the importance it has in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. It also provides direction on when and where testing for water activity can be most beneficial.

Assessment of Shipping Processes for Drug Products(same as MFG MANUAL - 029)
This document provides guidance on assessing the transportation of Drug Products (DP). It can be applied to assessment of shipping Bulk DP and finished commercially packaged DP (“finished product”) between any two locations – such as manufacturing sites, wholesale distribution centres, and receiving sites or – within the GMP sites distribution network.

Cold Chain Management of Biopharmaceutical Materials(same as MFG MANUAL - 030)
The risk of compromising biopharmaceutical materials in internal shipping and external distribution is relatively high, as these materials are particularly vulnerable to degradation when exposed to various environmental and handling conditions. The risks can be managed effectively through qualification of transport packing systems, handling, and transport procedures. This guidance summarizes suggested considerations in the cold chain management (CCM) of biopharmaceuticals

Stability Considerations for Planned or Unplanned API Process Changes(same as LAB MANUAL - 025)
This document outlines the considerations site quality organizations should review to assess whether stability data are needed to support planned or unplanned post-approval changes to API or API Intermediate for sale manufacturing processes. This document also recommends customer notification if subsequent intermediate processing or drug product quality may be impacted by the change.

Clean Process - External Vial Capping Operations(same as MFG MANUAL - 032)
This guidance applies to capping operations performed as an aseptic process using sterilized caps or as a “clean process” that is performed outside the aseptic core using clean non-sterilized caps.

Use and Recovery of Solvents in API Manufacturing(same as MFG MANUAL - 033)
This document provides guidance in offloading, use and recovery of solvents used in the commercial manufacture of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) and intermediates The processing and use of solvents should be established, controlled and monitored based on the potential impact on intermediate or final API product quality.
  Part 5 - GMP Guidance  

  5.1 - Validation Guidance
  5.1.1 - Method Validation

Analytical Test Method Validation - General Guidance(same as VAL MANUAL- 021)
Analytical Test Method Validation - Risk Assessment and Prioritization(same as VAL MANUAL- 021)
Analytical Test Method Validation - System Suitability(same as VAL MANUAL- 021)
Analytical Test Method Validation - Precision and Accuracy(same as VAL MANUAL- 021)
Analytical Test Method Validation - Quantitation and Detection Limit(same as VAL MANUAL- 021)
Analytical Test Method Validation - Linearity, Range and Specificity(same as VAL MANUAL- 021)
Analytical Test Method Validation - Robustness(same as VAL MANUAL- 021)

This guidelines provide guidance for the validation of analytical test methods. These analytical test methods include those tests which evaluate API, Raw Materials, In Process samples (e.g. reaction monitoring) and early intermediate materials (prior to the introduction of the first critical intermediate). This also include Risk Assessment and Prioritization, System Suitability, Precision and Accuracy, Quantitation and Detection Limit, Linearity, Range and Specificity, Robustness.

5.1.2 - Cleaning Validation
 
Cleaning Validation -  Calculations of Residue Limits For Drug Products for Equipment Cleaning(same as VAL MANUAL- 053)
The Maximum Allowable Residue for Therapeutics (MART) and Residue Acceptability Limit for Therapeutic Dose (RALT) should be calculated based on each product that is to be processed in a specific equipment train and determined by the formulas and equations provided in Appendix A. A common default MART is not more than ten (10) ppm.

Cleaning Validation - Guidance for Swab Sampling and Visual Inspection Locations for API Equipment(same as VAL MANUAL- 054)
This document provides guidance in selecting the type of routine verification sampling method to use for particular types of API equipment and recommends locations for where to perform swab and / or visual inspection conducted during cleaning validation and during subsequent routine verification.

Cleaning Validation -  Product and Equipment Grouping and Worst - Case Product Selection(same as VAL MANUAL- 055)
The ability to group products or equipment for the purpose of reducing the amount of sampling and testing during cleaning validation is dependent on scientific, documented rationale. Similarly, scientific, documented rationale is also required when determining a worst-case product for the purposes of cleaning validation of API and DP manufacturing equipment.

Cleaning Validation – Rinsate and Swab Sample,Test Method Development and Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 056)
The area to be swabbed must be defined, typical areas range from 5cm x 5cm to 4” x 4”. It shall include special requirements and/or calculations for specific areas or equipment. It should be constant and well defined at each site to ensure consistency. 

Cleaning Validation – Visual Inspection and Quantitation(same as VAL MANUAL- 057)
If visual inspection is the only verification of a changeover cleaning process on minor equipment, the limit of detection using visual inspection techniques should be quantified in the laboratory or referenced from recognized literature.

Cleaning Verification – Investigating Unknown Peaks in Chromatography(same as VAL MANUAL- 037)
Comparison of an unknown peak to the RAL determines if an investigation is initiated. There are multiple Safety Factors typically applied in the RAL calculations. Therefore, the risk of having an unknown peak present that is significant to toxicity or dose limits is relatively low considering the conservative approach chosen to calculate the RAL.

Cleaning Evaluation Documentation and Instruction - Records for Cleaning Activities(same as VAL MANUAL- 058)
The cleaning program requires that cleaning is conducted and the cleaning activities documented following written instruction-records, or SOPs with attached checklists.

Critical Process Parameters for Drug Product(same as VAL MANUAL- 035)
An understanding of the concept and relationship between normal operating range and proven acceptable range is necessary in establishing the range for a critical process parameter. Rationale for the determination of a parameter as critical must be documented.


5.1.3 - Other Validation

Process Validation Approaches for Formulated Medicinal Products and Medical Devices(same as VAL MANUAL- 060)
Critical process parameters should be determined by a review of available historical data generated during development and/or manufacturing, or by experimentation. Each critical step is evaluated by observing the effect that potential critical process parameters have on quality attributes. .

Equipment Cleaning Validation For Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients(same as VAL MANUAL- 013)
A Cleaning Evaluation should be conducted, documented, and approved by the Site Quality and Production Team. This evaluation may be a single report or several reports and may be equipment centric or process centric and document or reference the required information. 

Equivalence Criteria of Impurities for API Process Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 034)
Demonstrating equivalence is needed in all API validations, but this guidance is applicable to APIs prepared by chemical synthesis. Additional analysis (not described here) may be needed to evaluate physical attributes of the API, where requirements are defined for the corresponding Drug Product.

Equivalency Comparison of Drug Product Validation Batch Data to Reference Batchessame as VAL MANUAL- 003)
A new or modified drug products should be demonstrated to be equivalent to previously produced product. Comparisons must be done as part of process validation studies for new product and significantly modified processes that require validation. 

Establishing and Extending Clean Equipment Hold Times(same as VAL MANUAL- 002)
This guidance describes considerations and risks for determining if the establishment of clean equipment hold times for equipment producing drug product and Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) are required

Evaluating UnCleaned Equipment Hold Times for Cleaning Validation of APIs and Drug Products(same as VAL MANUAL- 004)
This guidance outlines considerations and risks associated with hold times between equipment use and cleaning. The recommendations to evaluate if the time between equipment use and cleaning needs to be established and controlled are described for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) and Drug Products. When they are determined to be critical, recommendations on how to establish and extend existing hold times are also described.

Evaluation of Changes for Potential Impact on Process Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 006)
This guidance provides recommendations and examples for evaluating the process validation impact of changes to manufacturing processes used for manufacture of API, Drug Products and packaging processes.

General Guidance for Process Validation Sampling(same as VAL MANUAL- 020 & VAL MANUAL- 022)
This guidance addresses recommendations for good sampling practices. Validation sampling plans must be specified or referenced in the protocol.

Guidance for Swab and Visual Inspection Sampling Locations for Drug Products sample(same as VAL MANUAL- 007)
This guidance provides recommendations related to the selection and application of swab sampling and visual inspection for various types of Drug Product equipment.

In-Process and Bulk Drug Product Holding Times(same as VAL MANUAL- 008)
This Guidance sets out guidelines for the determination and validation of in-process and bulk product holding times.

Demonstration of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) Batch Homogeneity(same as VAL MANUAL- 010)
This guidance provides information on demonstrating batch homogeneity of final APIs (small and large molecules) and critical intermediates.This procedure provides guidance for performing a homogeneity evaluation in support of API process validation. The following components of the evaluation are described: Materials to be tested, Selection of test methods for examining homogeneity, Sampling plan – when to collect samples, from what locations, and the number of samples, Selecting acceptance criteria for evaluating homogeneity test results.

Documentation Example for Continuous Quality Verification(same as VAL MANUAL- 011)
This guidance provides an example of documentation to support the use of Continuous Quality Verification for demonstrating that a manufacturing process is in a validated state.

Documentation to Support Continuous Quality Verification(same as VAL MANUAL- 012)
This guidance describes the documentation needed to support the use of Continuous Quality Verification to demonstrate that a drug product or active pharmaceutical ingredient process is in a validated state. It also describes some similarities and differences between Continuous Quality Verification and traditional process validation using three discrete lots.

Guidance on Selection Criteria of Dose and Toxicity Data for Use in Cleaning Limit Calculation(same as VAL MANUAL- 014)
This guidance provides points to consider when selecting Dosage and Toxicity data for use in the Cleaning Limits calculations.

Inspection Attributes in Packaging Validation of Non-Sterile Drug  Products(same as VAL MANUAL- 015)
This procedure provides examples and guidance on classification of defects for packaged non-sterile drug products.

Laboratory Equipment Qualification(same as LAB MANUAL - 019)
This procedure provides guidance in the qualification of simple, moderate, and complex laboratory equipment that is used in an analytical laboratory in a Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) environment associated with products in or intended for the market place.

Matrices and Bracketing in Process Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 017)
Bracketing and matrixing allow a ‘most appropriate challenge’ condition to be defined for a process or drug product family (the same drug product with different dosage strengths). This risk-based approach can allow the validation to be focused on the most challenging circumstances, or “worst cases.” Use of this approach can provide a significant benefit to reduce the overall validation effort.

Considerations for Selecting Packaging Lot Sizes during Packaging Validation and relevant Examples(same as MFG MANUAL - 001)
Examples of primary and secondary packaging validation, both manual and automated operations are provided in this guidance. This also provides guidance on aspects to consider for packaging validation. Explanations of factors to consider for acceptable packaging validation and lot size are provided with various practical examples.

Non-Sterile Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) Manufacturing Area Environmental Control(same as VAL MANUAL - 035)
This guidance is to address environmental control for existing, new, and modified non-sterile API processing areas used for the manufacture of commercial materials. This includes non-sterile API manufacturing areas where the API will subsequently be used to produce sterile Drug Product.

Packaging Validation - Potential Critical Process Parameters and Validation Practices(same as VAL MANUAL- 018)
This Guidance provides a tabulation of potential critical process parameters and quality attributes of typical steps of primary solid drug product (i.e. dry products) packaging processes. It also includes packaging validation items such as evaluation of equipment, protocol and report contents, amount of data (e.g. number of runs) and if warranted, microbiological studies.

Process Validation Sampling for Non-Sterile Liquid, Semi Solid Drug Products(same as VAL MANUAL- 020)
This guidance provides Process Validation Sampling guidelines for non-sterile liquid (solutions and suspensions) and semi-solid (ointments, creams, pastes, gels and lotions) drug product dosage forms.

Process Validation Sampling for Non-Sterile Solid Dose Drug Products(same as VAL MANUAL- 022)
This guidance provides Process Validation Sampling guidelines for non-sterile solid dose drug product dosage forms. The purpose of this guidance is to provide the general principles and approaches that should be considered for sampling non-sterile solid dosage forms.

Performance Qualification versus Process Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 023)
This guidance compares and contrasts Performance Qualification (PQ) to Process Validation (PV). This guidance describes the differences between PQ and PV. It clarifies how the PQ term is applied to systems and to processes. As applied to processes, PQ batches are used to demonstrate the robustness of a process and PV batches are intended to demonstrate the reproducibility of the process. As applied to systems, PQ testing is intended to verify that integrated systems function together as required

Periodic Review of Processes and Systems(same as VAL MANUAL- 025)
This guidance addresses the application of a risk-based approach to: Prioritize the systems and processes for periodic review (PR); Justify frequency and schedule of PR (if applicable); Routine revalidation of processes.

Release For Commercial Use of Drug Product and API Pre-Validation and Validation Batches(same as QMS MANUAL- 001)
This guidance addresses considerations for commercial release of batches of product manufactured prior to completion of process validation (PV) activities, and considerations for release of batches associated with performance qualification (PQ) and PV activities.

Selection of Critical Process Parameters for Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 059)
This guidance discusses the term critical process parameter and considerations are described for identifying the term CPP that need validation. It is applicable to the manufacture of commercial intermediates, API, Drug Products and packaging.

Semi-Solid Dosage Forms-Critical Process Parameters(same as VAL MANUAL- 026)
This guidance provides an explanation of the semi-solid Drug Product dosage form and recommendations for analysis of the manufacturing process critical process parameters. Semi-solids come in a variety of dosage forms, yet significant steps and equipment used for the manufacturing processes share commonality. The critical process parameters will often be the same from process to process.

Solid Oral Dosage Forms-Potential Critical Process Parameters(same as VAL MANUAL- 027)
This guidance provides an overview of potential critical process parameters for the manufacturing of solid oral dosage forms. Solid oral drug products come in a variety of dosage forms frequently with common steps and equipment. The potential critical process parameters are often the same from process to process. This guidance provides an overview of process steps and typical equipment involved in manufacturing of solid oral dosage products and notes what might be critical process parameters associated with these process steps and equipment.

Solvent Recovery Validation Example(same as VAL MANUAL- 029)
This guidance provides an example of the documentation for validation of a solvent recovery process. Solvent recovery validation is needed in some situations such as where the recovered solvent is intended for general site wide reuse into suitable manufacturing processes, including other API manufacturing processes than those from which the used solvent originated

Test Deviations during Validation(same as VAL MANUAL- 030)
Out-of-specification (OOS) results and any other deviations that may impact the acceptability of the qualification/validation should be documented, investigated, root cause determined, corrective action taken and reported. Several examples are included.

Validation Activities during Technology Transfers(same as VAL MANUAL- 031)
This document provides guidance for qualification and validation activities that take place as a result of the Technology Transfer for approved commercial Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) and Drug Produc processes. Other aspects of Tech transfers such as regulatory changes, stability impact, etc must also be considered as described in relevant guidance, but these other activities are outside the scope of this guidance.

Validation Considerations for Re-work and Re-process of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API)(same as VAL MANUAL- 032)
This document provides guidance to determine if validation of re-work and/or re-processing steps are required for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) processes. This guidance provides recommendations for evaluating the potential impact on product quality to determine if a given re-work or re-process step requires validation

Validation Documentation(same as VAL MANUAL- 033)
This guidance provides recommendations for the content of the planning, testing and reporting types of validation documentation.

Shipping Validation for Biopharmaceutical Materials Derived from Biotech Processes(same as VAL MANUAL- 038)
The risk of compromising biopharmaceutical materials in shipping is relatively high, as these materials are particularly vulnerable to degradation when exposed to various environmental and handling conditions. The risks can be managed effectively through qualification of packaging, handling, and transport procedures.

System Level Impact Assessment for Information Systems(same as VAL MANUAL- 039)
This document explains how the Commissioning and Qualification System Level Impact  Assessment template can be used for Information Systems. To classify Information Systems as Direct, Indirect or No impact systems, only one question is applicable for Information Systems. By means of three typical examples, this guidance explains how system classification could be performed, based on the use of the system and its data.

Clean Pure Steam System Commissioning and Qualification - Sampling Plans(same as VAL MANUAL- 041)
This document recommends sampling locations, frequencies and testing activities associated with the commissioning and qualification of new installations or major revisions of Clean/Pure Steam Systems (e.g. the addition of new subloops or other system wide retrofitting). This guidance defines the sampling location, frequency, and testing activities utilizing a risk based approach for supporting the commissioning and qualification for a clean/pure steam system.

Component Level Impact Assessment for Information System Application(same as VAL MANUAL- 042)
The classification of Information System components as critical or non critical can be performed using a Component Level Impact Assessment in order to determine which components need qualification. This guidance also gives guidance on how to identify components in applications and includes examples of component level impact assessments for three typical software applications.

Cycle Validation for Freeze Drying(same as VAL MANUAL- 043)
There are three elements to achieving successful validation of a freeze drying cycle: 1. A well defined and understood formulation, 2. A qualified freeze dryer and a freeze drying cycle that provides the link between a specific formulation and 3. A specific freeze dryer.

Documenting IQ, OQ, PQ Protocol Test Results for Equipment, Facility and Computer(same as VAL MANUAL- 044)
Test results should be documented in a manner permitting objective pass/fail decisions to be reached. The following represents the objectives of good test documentation practices. The degree to which these are achieved should be based on the criticality of the function being tested.

Material of Construction (MOC) Documentation(same as VAL MANUAL- 046)
This procedure provides guidance for allowing Vendor’s Material of Construction (MOC) documentation, such as Certificates of Analysis (C of A) and other record documents, to be accepted as confirmation that a specified material has been used for new systems or components that come into direct contact with product.

Packaging Process Documentation Transfer for Drug Products(same as VAL MANUAL- 047)
This document provides guidance on the transfer of documents during the activities that take place as a result of the Technology Transfer for approved commercial packaged Drug Product (DP) processes.

Purified Water and Water for Injection System Commissioning and Qualification Sampling Plans(same as VAL MANUAL- 048)
This guidance recommends sampling locations, frequencies and testing activities associated with the commissioning and qualification of Purified Water (PW) and Water for Injection (WFI) Systems.

Quality Considerations for Direct Impact Compressed Air and Nitrogen Systems(same as VAL MANUAL- 049)
This guidance provides recommendations when developing specifications for the design of Direct Impact Compressed Air, Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) and Cryogenic Nitrogen Systems used in the manufacture of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) and Drug Products (DPs).

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